ATOSSA
 
 
The First Master and Crew
 
The first Master of ‘Atossa’ was Philip Henry Williams, born in Swansea, Glamorganshire, Wales on 16th June 1837. He first went to sea in April 1851 serving in the rank of ‘boy and ordinary seaman’ on the schooner ‘Fanny’ belonging to the port of Youghal, County Cork, Ireland. During 1854 he served as Boatswain on the barque ‘William Nicholson’ of Sunderland and between September 1854 and May 1857 as an Able Seaman aboard ‘Rebecca’ of Newport. On 27th May 1857 he was granted his ‘Only Mate’ Certificate at Youghal following his examination in Cork. At this time he gave his address as 129 North Main Street, Youghal and was still resident there when he obtained his ‘Master’ certificate numbered 16926 on 29th November 1860. At the time of taking charge of ‘Atossa’ he was living at 23, Page Street, Swansea. His previous ship had been the barque ‘Resolution’ of Sunderland and he had been discharged from her on the 26th September 1863 in Swansea.
Williams took ‘Atossa’ to Dover on her maiden voyage. The Crew List was: -
 

NAME

AGE &
 PLACE OF BIRTH

RANK
(Certificate Number)

PREVIOUS SHIP &
DATE & PLACE OF DISCHARGE

Philip Henry Williams

25
Swansea

Master
(16926)

Resolution – Sunderland
24th September 1863 - Swansea

Matthias Smart

46
Horton, Durham

Mate
(49594)

Lemuella? - London
14th September 1863 - Sunderland

Magnus White

23
Lerwick

Carpenter
(27883)

Ariel – Sunderland
with leave with liability
27th August 1863 - Liverpool

Thomas Stewart

22
Sunderland

Steward

Thoughtfully
4th May 1863 - Glasgow

Edward Bell

28
Newcastle

Cook

First Ship

Thon Barands

28
Hamburg

AB

Norton - St John
5th October 1863 - Cardiff

Cornelius McKeegan

20
Antrim

AB

King John – Liverpool
19th October 1863 - Wisbeach

George Robinson

21
Stafford

AB

Richmond - Packet of Stockton
19th October 1863 - Middlesbrough

Peter Low

26
Denmark

AB

Snowdon - Liverpool
16th October 1863 - Sunderland

Patrick Husman

21
New Ross

AB

Dilston - Shields
16th September 1863 - Leith

William Sherill

17
Sunderland

OS

Matthew & Ann - Sunderland
28th September 1863 - Sunderland

John Clark

19
Dundee

AB

Richmond - Packet of Stockton
19th October 1863 - Middlesbrough

Andrew (X) Murphy

20
Dublin

OS

Snowdon - Liverpool
19th October 1863 - Sunderland

John Forbes

18
Sunderland

OS

Corredora - Swansea
19th October 1863 - Swansea

John George Blacklock

17

Apprentice

-

Benjamin Bailes

16

Apprentice

-

 
The majority of the crew for the ‘Atossa’s maiden voyage, signed on in Sunderland, on the 26th October 1863. Thon Barands, William Sherill and John Clark all signed on the following day. Andrew Murphy and John Forbes signed on and joined the ship on the 28th October 1863.
Matthias Smart was born in Horton, Durham on 4th December 1817. On 28th February 1828, aged 11 years, he joined his first ship, ‘Catherine & Ann’ registered at Newcastle as an apprentice. He served continuously in various positions on a variety of ships in the Coasting and Foreign trade. On 31st January 1851, aged 23 years, he gained his Masters Certificate numbered 52745, which was renewed as number 49594 on 8th June 1858.
At the time of the 1881 census, Matthias Smart, then 65-years-old, was living at 3 Cousin Street, Bishopwearmouth, with his 58-year-old wife Elizabeth, and his 65-year-old sister-in-law, Barbara Jameson. Matthias gave his occupation as Mariner.
Matthias Smart died in Sunderland in 1887 aged 72 years.
Magnus White, the Carpenter, was born in Tresta, Sandsting, Shetland, Scotland on 12th June 1840. He had married Sarah Jane Brown on 30th August 1863 in Bishopwearmouth.
William Sherill was born in 1846 and baptised at St Peter’s Parish Church, Monkwearmouth, on 10th January 1847. At the time of the 1851 census, 4-year-old William was living with his 33-year-old widowed mother, Elizabeth Sherill and her two other children, Ellen (8 years) and George (6 years) at 24 South Durham Street, Bishopwearmouth. Elizabeth was shown as the daughter-in-law of the head of the house, Pattison Welch. She acted as housekeeper to Pattison and his 20-year-old son, George Sherill, a carpenter. Pattison, a 61-year-old widower, gave his occupation as shipowner. Also at the address was Margaret Muir (23 years) from Glasgow, who was employed as a house servant.
John George Blacklock was born in Sunderland on 26th June 1847. His parents were John and Martha Blacklock (nee Rennison).
Apprentice John George Blacklock’s date of indenture was 26th October 1863. Benjamin Bailes’ life at sea began the following day. Both were indentured at the Port of Sunderland. Apprentices were young men who became indentured servants by borrowing money from an employer and voluntarily agreeing to work off the debt during a specified term, during which the employer would teach the apprentice his trade.
‘Atossa’ was in the Port of Dover on 6th November 1863.
 
Dover to Valparaiso 1863-1864 > >
 
The Story Begins Absent Crew and Flying Jib 1872-1873 Rio De Janeiro, Barbados & Wilmington
The Construction of Atossa Swansea to Valparaiso and return 1873 James Grevett
The Shipbuilding Thompson Family The 1874 and 1875 Voyages The Caribbean 1889
The Mercantile Navy List 1864 A Change of Master 1876 Grevett as Master
The First Master and Crew New Owner and New Ports 1877 The 1890/1891 Survey
Dover to Valparaiso 1863-1864 Sugar and Onboard Offences The Final Voyage
Peru and Wales Demerara and London 1878-1879 Places Index
Chile and back 1864-1865 The Far Side of the World 1879-1881 Place Connections
Clements becomes Master South Africa and India 1881-1882 Surnames Index
Official Log Entries 1866-1867 The Robinson Family Ships Index
Return to Chile 1867 Ceylon and New York 1882-1883 Map of Chile
Chile Again 1868-1869 Brazil and India 1883-1884 Sources
Swansea to Coquimbo return 1869-1870 Cape Verde and the West Indies 1885  
Chile and New York 1870-1871 October 1885 to October 1886  
South America and Europe 1871 Twenty-One Months Away © atossa.uk 2020
 
 
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