ATOSSA
 
 
Chile, New York, Chile 1870-1871
 
Details of ‘Atossa’s next journey were shown in an Agreement, signed on 28th April 1870 by Peter Clements, which was to take the ship from “Swansea to Valparaiso and/or any ports in Chili, Peru, Bolivia, North and South Pacific, Atlantic & Indian Oceans, Australian & Cape Colonies, United States of America, West Indies or Continent of Europe, calling for orders if required and to a final port of discharge in the United Kingdom or Continent of Europe. Term of Service not to exceed Two Years."
In April 1870, Peter Clements was living at 14, Hanover Street, Swansea.
The crew for the voyage were: -
 

NAME

AGE &
PLACE OF BIRTH

CAPACITY
(Certificate No.)

PREVIOUS SHIP & PORT
AT WHICH REGISTERED

Peter Clements

37 - Queenstown

Master (33394)

Same Ship

John Kekhafen

31 - Prussia

Mate (85677)

Same Ship

 William (X) Knowles

33 - Shoreham

Bosun 

Pro Tem - Swansea

John Rosen

22 - Milford

Carpenter & Seaman

Same Ship

William (X) Davies

21 - Swansea

Steward & AB

Same Ship

Phillip (X) Pritchard

34 - Swansea

Cook & Seaman

Claudine - Sunderland

William (X) Hines

36 - Newfoundland

Sails & AB

Maria Lamb - Swansea

John Hicks

25 - Wadebridge

AB

Gipsy Queen - Padstow

John Richards

22 - Penryn

AB

Zuleika - Falmouth

John (X) Martin

27 - Bodmin

AB

San Fernando - Sunderland

Thomas Walsh

29 - Swansea

AB

Epsilon - Swansea

William T. Lamey

25 - Hastings

AB

Childwall Abbey - Liverpool

William Jones

23 - Porthcawl

AB

Annie Laurie - Bideford

John Turner

18 - Swansea

OS

Atlantic - Swansea

Henry Fisher

18 [?]

Apprentice

-

Edgar James Evans

16 - Sketty

Apprentice

-

 
Wages for crew members were: -
 

NAME & CAPACITY

MONTHLY
WAGE

ADVANCE
OF WAGES

MONTHLY
ALLOTMENT

John Kekhafen - Mate

£6 0s 0d

£6 0s 0d

-

William Knowles - Bosun

£3 17s 6d

£3 17s 6d

£2 0s 0d

John Rosen - Carpenter & Seaman

£4 15s 0d

£4 15s 0d

£2 7s 6d

William Davies - Steward & AB

£3 2s 6d

£3 2s 6d

-

Phillip Pritchard - Cook & Seaman

£3 0s 0d

£3 0s 0d

£1 10s 0d

William Hines - Sails & AB

£2 17s 6d

£2 17s 6d

-

John Hicks - AB

£2 15s 0d

£2 15s 0d

£1 7s 6d

John Richards - AB

£2 15s 0d

£2 15s 0d

-

John Martin - AB

£2 15s 0d

£2 15s 0d

-

Thomas Walsh - AB

£2 15s 0d

£2 15s 0d

£1 7s 6d

William T. Lamey - AB

£2 15s 0d

£2 15s 0d

-

William Jones - AB

£2 15s 0d

£2 15s 0d

-

John Turner - OS

£2 5s 0d

£2 5s 0d

-

 
Provisions entitlement per man shown in the Agreement were: -

1lb of bread every day.
1½lbs of beef on Sundays, Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays.
1¼lbs of pork on Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays.
½lb of flour on Sundays, Tuesdays and Thursdays.
⅓ pint of peas on Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays.
⅓lb rice on Saturdays.
A daily allowance of ⅛oz of tea.
A daily allowance of ½oz of coffee.
A daily allowance of 2ozs of sugar.
A daily allowance of 3 quarts of water.

‘Atossa’ sailed from Swansea on 2nd May 1870.
Henry Fisher became an Indentured Apprentice at the age of 14 years, to W. Nicholson of Sunderland on 13th August 1866, bound for six years. He first served on ‘Corinna’, Official Number 54871.
Edgar James Evans was born in Sketty, Glamorganshire in 1854. He became an Indentured Apprentice, aged 16 years, bound for four years to J. Nicholson of Sunderland on 28th April 1870. He gained his Second Mates Certificate, numbered 98562, on 19th September 1874, having passed an examination at Bristol on 16th September 1874. His address at this time was given as Ash Cottage, Sketty near Swansea.
Between 22nd September 1874 and 20th May 1875 Edgar served as Second Mate on the ship ‘Whitehall’ of Whitby, and on ‘Prior’ of London from 2nd July 1875 until 26th February 1876.
His First Mates Certificate followed on 6th April 1876 having successfully passed an examination in Bristol the previous day.
On 14th May 1879 Edgar James Evans received his Master’s certificate. He had passed the required examination on 12th May 1879 at Swansea.
On 7th November 1881 Edgar James Evans was issued with an ‘Extra Master’ certificate acknowledging that he had successfully passed an ‘Extra Examination’ in Swansea on 12th May 1879. His address on the certificate was shown as 2, Park Place, Sketty, Swansea.
Five days later, on 12th November 1881 aged 27 years, he married 23-year-old Ada Ellen Gertrude Green, at St. Stevens Church, Poplar. His address at this time was 79, East India Road, Poplar. He gave his occupation as Master Mariner.
Edgar James Evans died in Karori, Wellington, New Zealand on 18th April 1915 and was buried there. The inscription on his headstone reads, “Then are they glad because they are at rest and so he bringeth them to the haven where they would be. Ps 107:30” His widow, Ada Ellen Gertrude Evans who was born on 6th April 1859 and died on 9th January 1919, and their daughter, Harriett Mary Evans, born on 21st May 1883 and died on 22nd September 1962 are buried with him.
Lloyd’s List of 21st May 1870 shows ‘Atossa’s position on 8th May 1870 en route from Swansea to Valparaiso, as 43° N 14° W.
The Western Daily Press of 23rd May 1870 gives a similar position for ‘Atossa’ on 8th May 1870 as “lat. 43° 20’ N., long. 13° 50’ W. Wind, W., fine.”
‘Atossa’ arrived in Coquimbo, Chile on 10th August 1870. The Acting British Consul received the ships Articles the following day.
The Public Ledger newspaper reported that ‘Atossa’ was loading 16,000 quintals on 1st September 1870 in its edition dated 30th November 1870.
A quintal is a unit of weight equal to 220.5 pounds or 100 kilograms.
The ships Articles were returned to Peter Clements on 9th September 1870.
On 19th September 1870 ‘Atossa’ arrived in Iquique in northern Chile.
By Tuesday 27th September 1870 ‘Atossa’ had transferred a little further north along the coast of Chile, to Pisagua.
A Log entry on 27th September 1870 reads, “2H 15’ PM – William Lamey AB and John Turner employed filling Ballast in the hold were both very dilatory and neglecting their duty in not filling their baskets and on being spoken to by the boatswain and mate, they gave most abusive language and said they did not care whether they worked or not. I spoke to them & they both gave me the same answer cursing and swearing at the ship & officers. I advised them to do their work properly and behave themselves. At 2H 30’ during my absence from the ship the two above named seamen knocked off and refused to work any more, saying they would rather go to gaol than do any more work onboard. I immediately returned onboard and called them both down in the cabin & told them the consequence of their refusing duty but they still persisted & swore that they would go to gaol before they would go to work in the Bloody ship; they both cursing and using most offensive language, and asked me for one half hours liberty & that I would never see them again. I them put them in irons (Hand irons) and went onshore to the Captain of the port who sent off to the ship & brought them onshore & put them in jail. Peter Clements, Master – John Kekhafen, Mate – Wm. (X - his mark) Knowles, Boatswain.”
On Friday 30th September 1870 a Log entry reads, “The above entry has been read over to the above named seaman William Lamey. William Lamey’s answer, ‘Everything all right in the above excepting that he did not ask for leave, to go ashore’. Turners answer, ‘All right.’ Peter Clements, Master – John Kekhafen, Mate – Wm. (X - his mark) Knowles, Boatswain.”
Later on 30th September 1870 another entry reads, “5H 00’ PM - William Lamey AB & John Turner O.S. both promising that if I would take them onboard (out of gaol) they would behave themselves in a proper manner. I accordingly took them out & brought them onboard. Peter Clements, Master – John Kekhafen, Mate – Wm. (X - his mark) Knowles, Boatswain. The above entry has been read over to the said William Lamey & John Turner they both answering ‘All Right’ Peter Clements, Master – John Kekhafen, Mate.”
The next Log entry reads, “1H 00’AM – Monday 3rd October 1870 – At the before mentioned time the Mate hearing a noise on deck, went up & found John Turner had lowered the Boat from the Quarter deck and was then some few yards from the ship pulling towards the shore. The Mate manned another Boat but Turner got onshore (or at least we suppose so as the Mate found the ship’s Boat floating close to the rocks. I gave notice to the police & Capt. of the port immediately. Peter Clements, Master – John Kekhafen, Mate.”
On Thursday 6th October 1870, Peter Clements endorsed the Log, “Pisagua – John Turner not having returned I now consider him a deserter. Peter Clements, Master – John Kekhafen, Mate.”
On Monday 10th October 1870 the Log reads, “William Lamey while heaving at the winch was very troublesome talking and quarrelling with the apprentice boy Edgar J. Evans & struck the boy & wanted to fight him in my presence. I interfered & told him Wm. Lamey to be quiet & not to touch the Boy but in spite of what I told him he let go the winch and struck the Boy cutting his mouth & nose. The Boy Bled to some extent but still worked, he being at the winch also. Peter Clements, Master – John Kekhafen, Mate.”
The following day a Log entry reads, “The foregoing entry has been read over to the said William Lamey. William Lamey answer - That the Boy E. J. Evans was annoying him. Peter Clements, Master – John Kekhafen, Mate.”
During the next part of the voyage, the same crew sailed ‘Atossa’ from Pisagua to New York.
New York is described in ‘Dues and Charges on Shipping in Foreign Ports’ as “in lat. 40.42.43 S., long. 74.8.3 W. Distance by sea from Liverpool 3,016 miles. N. Y. the commercial capital of the United States, is situated at the mouth of the Hudson River. The port of New York includes Bayonne, Communipaw, Jersey City, Hoboken, and Weehawken.”
Lloyd’s List of 19th January 1871 recorded the arrival in New York of ‘Atossa’ on 6th January 1871 from Pisagua and recorded, “New York, 7th Jan. The ‘Atossa’, Clements, encountered a very severe hurricane lasting 36 hours, 29th Dec., in lat. 34° N lon 69° W; and another hurricane, 1st Jan., in lat. 35° N lon. 71° W.
On 8th March 1871 an official at the British Consulate in New York noted in the Agreement, “I hereby certify that W. Jones, W. Lamey, T Walsh, John Martin, Wm. Davies, and John Hicks have been paid off and discharged at this port by the mutual consent of the Master and themselves and with my sanction. - And that I have sanctioned the engagement of Robt. Richards, J. A. Johnson, A. Anderson, David Chatham, David Lind, John McLean, and P. A. Olsen upon the terms of the within agreement they having signed the same with a full understanding of the terms thereof.”
Each of the discharged crew members were paid the balance of their wages: -
 
William Jones
William Lamey
Thomas Walsh
John Martin
William Davies
John Hicks
£19 12s 2d
£15 18s 10d
£10 11s 4d
£17 11s 6d
£22 8s 0d
£12 9s 2d 
 
The next leg of ‘Atossa’s voyage was to return to Chile.
Crew members for the journey were: -
 

NAME

AGE &
PLACE OF BIRTH

CAPACITY
(Certificate No.)

PREVIOUS SHIP & PORT
AT WHICH REGISTERED

Peter Clements

37 - Queenstown

Master (33394)

Same Ship

John Kekhafen

31 - Wolgast

Mate (85677)

Same Ship

William (X) Knowles

33 - Shoreham

Bosun 

Pro Tem - Swansea

John Rosen

22 - Milford

Carpenter & Seaman

Same Ship

Phillip (X) Pritchard

34 - Swansea

Cook & Seaman

Claudine - Sunderland

William (X) Hines

36 - Newfoundland

Sails & AB

Maria Lamb - Swansea

John Richards

22 - Penryn

AB

Zuleika - Falmouth

Robert (X) Richards

24 - London

AB

Min - Glasgow

Anton Anderson

20 - Sweden

AB

Mercedes

David Chatham

35 - Greenock

AB

Tabor

David Lind

26 - Dundee

AB

Tabor

John McLean

26 - Glasgow

AB

Ringleader

Peter A. Olsen

21 - Sweden

AB

Hermon

J. A. Johnson

21 - Sweden

OS

Perseverance

Henry Fisher

18 [?]

Apprentice

 

Edgar James Evans

16 - Sketty

Apprentice

 

 
Wages for crew members who joined in New York were: -
 

NAME & CAPACITY

MONTHLY
WAGE

ADVANCE

MONTHLY
ALLOTMENT

John Richards - AB

£3 10s 0d

£9 5s 0d

-

Robert Richards - AB

£3 10s 0d

£9 5s 0d

-

Anton Anderson - AB

£3 10s 0d

£9 5s 0d

-

David Chatham - AB

£3 10s 0d

£9 5s 0d

-

David Lind - AB

£3 10s 0d

£9 5s 0d

-

John McLean - AB

£3 10s 0d

£9 5s 0d

-

Peter A. Olsen - AB

£3 10s 0d

£9 5s 0d

-

J. A. Johnson - OS

£2 15s 0d

£7 9s 0d

-

 
The Daily Post newspaper reported on Saturday 18th March 1871 that ‘Atossa’ had left New York for Valparaiso.
 
South America then Europe 1871 > >
 
The Story Begins Absent Crew and Flying Jib 1872-1873 Rio De Janeiro, Barbados & Wilmington
The Construction of Atossa Swansea to Valparaiso and return 1873 James Grevett
The Shipbuilding Thompson Family The 1874 and 1875 Voyages The Caribbean 1889
The Mercantile Navy List 1864 A Change of Master 1876 Grevett as Master
The First Master and Crew New Owner and New Ports 1877 The 1890/1891 Survey
Dover to Valparaiso 1863-1864 Sugar and Onboard Offences The Final Voyage
Peru and Wales Demerara and London 1878-1879 Places Index
Chile and back 1864-1865 The Far Side of the World 1879-1881 Place Connections
Clements becomes Master South Africa and India 1881-1882 Surnames Index
Official Log Entries 1866-1867 The Robinson Family Ships Index
Return to Chile 1867 Ceylon and New York 1882-1883 Map of Chile
Chile Again 1868-1869 Brazil and India 1883-1884 Sources
Swansea to Coquimbo return 1869-1870 Cape Verde and the West Indies 1885  
Chile and New York 1870-1871 October 1885 to October 1886  
South America and Europe 1871 Twenty-One Months Away © atossa.uk 2020
 
 
Page 13