ATOSSA
 
 
The 1874 and 1875 Voyages
 
On 8th January 1874 Clements signed Agreement number 14709 relating to a “Voyage from Swansea to Valparaiso and/or any Port or Ports where employment may be procured for any Period not Exceeding two years Ending in a final port of discharge in the United Kingdom”.
The Agreement showed Clements’ Masters Certificate number; 33394, and his home address of 12, Henrietta Street, Swansea.
Identical conditions of service and rations to those set out for the previous voyage remained in place.
The men who signed on were: -
 

NAME

AGE &
PLACE OF BIRTH

CAPACITY
(Certificate No.)

PREVIOUS SHIP & PORT AT
WHICH REGISTERED

Peter Clements

41 - Queenstown

Master (33394)

Same Ship

John Kekhafen

36 - Germany

Mate (85677)

Same Ship

David Edwards

35 - Swansea

Bosun

Dunnikeir - Glasgow

Thomas Hooper

25 - Swansea

Carpenter & Seaman

First Ship

Peter Wilders

27 - Antwerp

Steward & Seaman

Uncas - Swansea

James Burnes

27 - Charlestown

Cook & Seaman

Same Ship

William Jenkins

21 - Swansea

AB

Algonguim – Halifax N.S.

Carl Edward Roos

30 - Finland

AB

Foreign Ship

William John

18 - Trevine

AB

Stranger - Swansea

William (X) Davies

24 - Swansea

AB

Claudine - London

John Mingham

27 - Swansea

Sailmaker & AB

Callisto - Sunderland

James Gleeson

25 - Dublin

AB

Minstrel King - Swansea

John Jeremy

19 - Swansea

OS

Alfred - Swansea

Olive (X) Anderson

18 - Sweden

AB

Hendoll

John Chalk

21 - Swansea

AB

Same Ship

Thomas George

18 - Bridgend

Apprentice

-

 
Charles Curle, born in Plymouth, Devon, in or about 1848 had signed on, on 14th January 1874 but did not join the ship.
The only Apprentice who sailed on this occasion was Thomas George who had become a 16-year-old Indentured Apprentice to W. Nicholson of Sunderland on 5th June 1871 for a period of four years. He first served aboard ‘Ogmore’, Official Number 51178.
The Agreement showed that the “Date of Commencement of Voyage” was 20th January 1874.
Lloyd’s List showed that ‘Atossa’ sailed from Swansea for Valparaiso on 23rd January 1874.
Details recorded in ‘Atossa’s Log read, “Friday Jany 23rd 1874 – Towed out of Porthcawl (Swansea) with a cargo coals. Bound to Valparaiso. The ships draught being 17 feet 4 in, even keel at 10H 30’ a.m. Brought ship up in the Mumbles roads being one man short (Charles Curl, AB) – Peter Clements Master – John Kekhafen Mate”
The second entry read, “Saturday Jany 24th/74 – Mumbles roads Swansea Bay. Shipped the OS. Olive Anderson as per articles. Weighed and proceeded down channel – Peter Clements Master – John Kekhafen Mate”
The log continued, “Tuesday Jany 27/74 – 47° 00’ N lat 9° 00’ W long – John Jeremy O.S. complains of a Weakness and shivering all over, & on my questioning him he said he had been subject to such for sometime previous. I gave him such medicines as I thought and sent him below – Peter Clements Master – John Kekhafen Mate”
And on “Friday Jany 30/74 - 40° 50’ N lat 15° 00’ W long – John Jeremy resumed his duty but still looking very poorly. Put him to easy work – Peter Clements Master – John Kekhafen Mate”
On 19th February 1874 Lloyd’s List reported ‘Atossa’s position as 35° N, 18° W.
The Shields Daily Gazette newspaper gave the ship’s position on 15th March 1874 as “lat. 22° S, long. 37° W.” 
The log continued, “Friday May 8th/74 – Lat 51° 00’ S Long 83° 00’ W – The Apprentice John Chalk is this day out of his apprenticeship and now signs articles as A.B. at the rate of four pounds per month – Peter Clements Master – John Kekhafen Mate”.
The Clerk to the British Consulate noted in ‘Atossa’s Agreement that the “vessel arrived at Valparaiso on May 18th 1874 and articles deposited”.
Another Consulate entry dated 23rd May 1874 recorded that “I certify that the Master has reported to me that Olive Anderson came on board the vessel at Mumble Roads when the vessel was about to leave and signed the within written agreement of his own free will. Further I certify that the Master has reported to me that John Chalk who joined the ship as an apprentice signed the within written agreement of his own free will as the term of his Apprentice’s Indenture had expired – and that I have seen entries in the Official Log book of such facts.”
“Tuesday June 9th 1874 – Pan de Azucar, Chili – James Burnes Cook & AB wanting to fight with the Steward & on the mate interfering he James Burns gave most abusive and insulting language both to the mate and me, going about the deck cursing and swearing & wanted me to lay him off which I told him I could not do. He still carried on his work but in a most disorderly manner. At about 3P.M. he again gave much insolent language to the mate and on my coming on board he was still insolent – Peter Clements Master – John Kekhafen Mate”
“Wednesday June 10th/74 – James Burnes still continues to give insolence to the mate without the least provocation and persisted in speaking in Spanish to the launch men (Chilinas) thereby breaking the discipline of the ship. He still doing duty but in a most unsatisfactory manner – Peter Clements Master – John Kekhafen Mate”
“Thursday June 11th/74 about 3H P.M. – Pan de Azucar – James Burnes said he was sick and could not work any more whereupon the mate left him go below & on my coming on board sent for him (this was 7H P.M.) he sent word that if I wanted to see him I should go to him which I did. I examined him to the best of my ability and could see no sign of sickness. He complained of a pain in the back & on my asking to see it he gave me most abusive language. I then told him if he was sick I would give him some medicine he firmly refused taking any – Peter Clements Master – John Kekhafen Mate”
“Friday June 12th/74 7H 00’ P.M. – Pan de Azucar – James Burnes still off duty called him into the cabin. He said he was sick all over & a pain in his back. His tongue was quite clean and to all appearances he seemed to me and the officers to be skulking. That is keeping himself off duty under the pretence of sickness. He asking me continually to discharge him. I then ordered him if he was sick to take a dose of Castor oil but he could not. I then cautioned him and told him he had better go to his work next morning. I applied a mustard poultice to his back – Peter Clements Master – John Kekhafen Mate”
“Saturday 13th June 1874 - Pan de Azucar – James Burnes still refuses to go to his duty under the pretence of being sick but in my firm opinion & the officers he is not – Peter Clements Master – John Kekhafen Mate”
“Wednesday July 15th 1874 at 5H 30’ A.M. - Pan de Azucar – Saw the ships pinnace on the beach and found the cook James Burnes missing. Got the boat off the beach she being badly stone. Gave notice to the Authorities onshore to find J.B. if possible I offering a reward – Peter Clements Master – John Kekhafen Mate”
“Saturday 18th July 1874 – Cannot catch James Burnes therefore I reckon him a deserter and accuse him of stealing the pinnace – Peter Clements Master – John Kekhafen Mate”
“3H P.M. Wednesday July 22nd 1874 - Pan de Azucar – Got ship underway and stood out of the Bay under all canvas. Ships draught of water 17 feet 9 in even keel – Peter Clements Master – John Kekhafen Mate”
On 22nd October 1874 ‘Atossa’ reached the Mumbles Roads and arrived at Swansea from Pan de Azucar.
The Agreement showed that “Date of Termination of Voyage” was 22nd October 1874 – Peter Clements Master”
The final entry in the log read, “Thursday October 23rd 1874 – Swansea - Made ship fast in the north dock her depth of water being 17 feet 8 inches on an even keel.”
All crew members, except the Master, were discharged and each was paid the balance of his wages.
 
John Kekhafen
David Edwards
Thomas Hooper
Peter Wilders
William Jenkins
Carl Edward Roos
William John
William Davies
John Mingham
James Gleeson
John Jeremy
Olive Anderson
John Chalk
£45 15s 11d
£20 0s 9d
£22 14s 9d
£34 12s 2d
£21 1s 4d
£22 4s 9d
£19 15s 5d
£6 16s 7d
£5 18s 6d
£10 0s 2d
£8 8s 3d
£12 8s 2d
£16 1s 7d
 
The Shields Daily Gazette newspaper reported on Thursday 3rd December 1874 that “The barque ‘Atossa’, Clement of Sunderland, arrived at Porthcawl on Monday, from Swansea, to load for Valparaiso.”
On 24th December 1874 Peter Clements endorsed Agreement number 14671. The document showed that the vessel’s owners were William Nicholson & Sons of Sunderland and that the Master, Clements, was resident at Henrietta Street, Swansea.
The Agreement was to see ‘Atossa’ sail from “Swansea to Valparaiso and/or any port or ports in the known world calling for orders when and where required and back to a final port of discharge in the United Kingdom or Continent of Europe. Voyage not to exceed two years.”
The crew list read: -
 

NAME

AGE &
PLACE OF BIRTH

CAPACITY
(Certificate No.)

PREVIOUS SHIP & PORT
AT WHICH REGISTERED

Peter Clements

41 - Queenstown

Master (33394)

Same Ship

John Kekhafen

37 - Wolgast

Mate (85677)

Same Ship

Petter Brown

24 - Copenhagen

Bosun

Gladstone - Swansea

G Taylor

29 - Swansea

Carpenter & Seaman

Antonio - Vincent

Edwin Roach

21 - St Ives

Steward & Seaman

Seagull - London

Thomas Roach

26 - St Ives

Cook & Seaman

Western Star - Bideford

John Johnson

25 - Sweden

AB

Espacia - London

Benjamin Morgan

25 - Carmarthen

AB

Elizabeth Taylor - Fleetwood

William West

21 - Ramsgate

AB

Breeze - Shoreham

Frederick (X) Smith

40 - Sweden

AB

Ellen - Llanelly

Peter (X) McCormack

37 - Jersey

AB

John Byng - London

John T Blow

23 - Swansea

AB

Look Out - Swansea

Gottlieb Sauer

18 - Berlin

OS

Espacia - London

Charles Nielsen

20 - St Croix, W.I.

OS

Espacia - London

Thomas George

19 - Bridgend

Apprentice

Same Ship

Thomas Malcolm Burn

19 - Sunderland

Apprentice

 

 
The crew’s wages were: -
 

CAPACITY

MONTHLY
WAGE

ADVANCE OF
WAGES

MONTHLY
ALLOTMENT

Mate

£6 10s 0d

£6 10s 0d

-

Bosun

£4 10s 0d

£4 10s 0d

-

Carpenter & Seaman

£6 6s 0d

£6 6s 0d

£3 3s 0d

Steward & AB

£4 5s 0d

£4 5s 0d

£2 2s 6d

Cook & AB

£3 15s 0d

£3 15s 0d

£1 10s 0d

Able Seaman except
Morgan and Blow

£3 7s 6d

£3 7s 6d

-

Benjamin Morgan

£3 7s 6d

£1 13s 9d

£1 13s 9d

John T Blow

£3 7s 6d

£3 7s 6d

£1 13s 9d

Ordinary Seaman

£3 0s 0d

£3 0s 0d

-

 
Provisions entitlement shown in the Agreement were: -

1lb of bread every day.
1½lbs of beef on Sundays, Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays.
1¼lbs of pork on Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays.
½lb of flour on Sundays, Tuesdays and Thursdays.
⅓ pint of peas on Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays.
½lb rice on Saturdays.
A daily allowance of ⅛oz of tea.
A daily allowance of ½oz of coffee.
A daily allowance of 2ozs of sugar.
A daily allowance of 3 quarts of water.
Or a substituted equivalent at the Master’s option.

Apprentice Thomas Malcolm Burn, the eldest son of Thomas and Margaret Burn, was baptised in Bishopwearmouth, Durham on 6th December 1855. In 1861 Thomas senior was employed as an Attorney Notary Public and the family were living at 13 Grange Crescent, Bishopwearmouth. Thomas Malcolm Burn was indentured to William Nicholson & Sons on 1st September 1871.
‘Atossa’ sailed from Swansea on 26th December 1874.
The position of the ship was given on 2nd January 1875 as Latitude 45° N., Longitude 9° W.
The Sunderland Daily Echo and Shipping Gazette newspaper reported ‘Atossa’s position on 6th March 1875 as “lat. 20° 43’ S, long. 38° 14’ S.”
On 27th April 1875 ‘Atossa’ arrived in Valparaiso and the ship’s Articles were deposited with the Vice Consul the following day. The Articles were returned on 12th May 1875 when the Vice Consul endorsed the Agreement “I certify that I have sanctioned the discharge of John Johnson upon the grounds of suffering from secondary syphilis, that the balance of his wages viz: £10.5s.11d has been paid to me in currency at 44 pence to dollar equal to $56.16 and that the man has received his effects”.
Lloyd’s List dated Tuesday 29th June 1875 shows ‘Atossa’ having cleared Valparaiso on 12th May 1875 bound for Caldera.
The Agreement shows that ‘Atossa’ arrived at Caldera on 19th May 1875. Articles were deposited with the Vice Consul, John Mark on 20th May 1875 and returned to the Master on 12th June 1875 after the Vice Consul had endorsed the Agreement “I hereby certify that Thomas George whose term of apprenticeship expired on 5th June has signed the within mentioned Articles of Agreement for the voyage home as A.B.”
On 16th June 1875 ‘Atossa’ sailed from Caldera for Carrizal and Swansea.
‘Atossa’ reached Carrizal on 19th June 1875. Articles were deposited on 21st June 1875 and returned on 16th July 1875. The Vice Consul, John King endorsed the Agreement “I certify that I have sanctioned the discharge of Thomas George A.B. on the grounds of mutual consent. He has received his wages due him and his effects.”
John King made a second entry on the Agreement on 23rd June 1875 which read “I certify that I have sanctioned the engagement of Joseph John in the capacity of A.B. He fully understands the agreement and has signed in my presence.”
On 16th July 1875, John King wrote in the Agreement “I certify that I have sanctioned the engagement of George Enright in the capacity of A.B. He fully understands the nature of the agreement and had signed the same in my presence.”
Vice Consul John King’s final endorsement in the Agreement read “I certify that I have sanctioned the discharge of Frederick Smith on the grounds of sickness. His wages has been payed to me £13 15s 9d till I send him and his wages to the Consul at Valparaiso.”
For the voyage from Chile to Swansea the crew list read: -
 

NAME

AGE &
PLACE OF BIRTH

CAPACITY
(Certificate No.)

PREVIOUS SHIP &
PORT OF REGISTRY

Peter Clements

41 - Queenstown

Master (33394)

Same Ship

John Kekhafen

37 - Wolgast

Mate (85677)

Same Ship

Petter Brown

24 - Copenhagen

Bosun

Gladstone - Swansea

G Taylor

29 - Swansea

Carpenter & Seaman

Antonio - Vincent

Edwin Roach

21 - St Ives

Steward & Seaman

Seagull - London

Thomas Roach

26 - St Ives

Cook & Seaman

Western Star - Bideford

Benjamin Morgan

25 - Carmarthen

AB

Elizabeth Taylor - Fleetwood

William West

21 - Ramsgate

AB

Breeze - Shoreham

Peter (X) McCormack

37 - Jersey

AB

 John Byng - London

John T Blow

23 - Swansea

AB

Look Out - Swansea

Gottlieb Sauer

18 - Berlin

OS

[?] - London

Charles Nielsen

20 - St Croix, W. I.

OS

[?] - London

  Joseph John

 32 - Fishguard

AB

Victoria

George Enright

39 - Jamaica

AB

Selma - Sunderland

Thomas Johnson

19 - Norway

OS

Eliza - Valparaiso

Thomas M Burn

20 - Edinburgh

AB

Same Ship

 
Thomas M Burn signed on at sea, on 1st September 1875; the date of expiry of his four-year Indentured Apprenticeship.
Joseph John and George Enright were paid at the rate of £3 7s 6d per calendar month. George Enright and Thomas Burn received £4 0s 0d per calendar month. Thomas Johnson’s rate of pay was £3 0s 0d per calendar month. There were no advances of pay and no allotment payments during the journey.
Joseph John was born in Fishguard in 1842. At the time of the 1891 census, Joseph John was 47-years-old, living on West Street, Fishguard, with his 37-year-old wife, Anne and their two children; Hannah Jane (6 years old) and William Arthur (2 years old). The couple were to have two further children, Benjamin (born: 1892) and Martha Jane (born: 1895). Joseph and Anne had married in 1881. He gave his occupation as Sailor. The whole family were still living on West Street, Fishguard ten years later.
The Agreement showed that the voyage terminated at Swansea on 26th October 1875. All crew members were discharged and all except George Enright were paid the balance of their wages (as below). Enright failed to appear at Port Talbot to collect his money.

John Kekhafen
Petter Brown
G Taylor
Edwin Roach
Thomas Roach
Benjamin Morgan
William West
Peter McCormack
John T Blow
Gottlieb Sauer
Charles Nielsen
Joseph John
George Enright
Thomas Johnson
Thomas M Burn

£51 6s 2d
£30 4s 2d
£23 8s 6d
£37 0s 0d
£27 18s 4d
£9 19s 3d
£9 0s 8d
£25 19s 3d
£13 0s 6d
£17 14s 3d
£13 0s 9d
£10 9s 5d
£7 5s 4d
£3 7s 6d
£1 6s 11d

Gore’s Liverpool General Advertiser newspaper reported that ‘Atossa’ arrived at Swansea from Carrizal on 28th October 1875.
John Kekhafen was born in Wolgast, Prussia on 31st January 1837.  He married Eliza Jane Hay of Upper Pit Street, Liverpool at St. Silas Church, Liverpool on 3rd February 1878. After leaving ‘Atossa’ he served as Mate on ‘Corina’ of Sunderland between 16th March 1876 and February 1877, ‘Delaware’ (Official Number: 28052) of Swansea between 20th March 1877 and 22nd December 1877, and ‘Foxhound’ (Official Number: 58090) of Swansea from 25th April 1878 to 7th March 1879 when it sailed from Liverpool to Mejillones, Chile and back.
On 9th May 1879 he completed a ‘Declaration to be made by applicant before a Magistrate’ that read, “I, John Kekhafen, at Liverpool do solemnly and sincerely declare that my Certificate was a Certificate of Competency as Ordinary Master and that it was numbered 91703; that the said Certificate was lost or destroyed at Hamburg under the following circumstances – I left my box containing clothes, papers and Certificate in a Lodging House at Hamburg. No. 15 Neust Neuerweg (F. Broderson) about 10 March last, whilst I made a visit to Wolgast, Prussia and on returning to Hamburg about 20 March I found that the Certificate had been abstracted from my box and the most diligent enquiries have proved fruitless – the conclusion being that it has been stolen.” This account was accepted by a Stipendiary Magistrate and a direction was made to the Superintendent of the Mercantile Marine Office in Liverpool to arrange for a renewed certificate to be issued by the Registrar General of Seamen for a fee of five shillings payable by the applicant. At the time of this application he was living at 135 Beaufort Street, Liverpool. On 15th May 1879 he was issued with replacement certificate numbered 06666.
Lloyd’s List dated Wednesday 19th January 1876 noted that on 15th January 1876 the Board of Trade announced that John Kekhafen had taken examination in Liverpool and that he had been issued with a Masters’ Certificate numbered 85677 by the Registrar-General of Seamen.
 
A Change of Master 1876 > >
 
The Story Begins Absent Crew and Flying Jib 1872-1873 Rio De Janeiro, Barbados & Wilmington
The Construction of Atossa Swansea to Valparaiso and return 1873 James Grevett
The Shipbuilding Thompson Family The 1874 and 1875 Voyages The Caribbean 1889
The Mercantile Navy List 1864 A Change of Master 1876 Grevett as Master
The First Master and Crew New Owner and New Ports 1877 The 1890/1891 Survey
Dover to Valparaiso 1863-1864 Sugar and Onboard Offences The Final Voyage
Peru and Wales Demerara and London 1878-1879 Places Index
Chile and back 1864-1865 The Far Side of the World 1879-1881 Place Connections
Clements becomes Master South Africa and India 1881-1882 Surnames Index
Official Log Entries 1866-1867 The Robinson Family Ships Index
Return to Chile 1867 Ceylon and New York 1882-1883 Map of Chile
Chile Again 1868-1869 Brazil and India 1883-1884 Sources
Swansea to Coquimbo return 1869-1870 Cape Verde and the West Indies 1885  
Chile and New York 1870-1871 October 1885 to October 1886  
South America and Europe 1871 Twenty-One Months Away © atossa.uk 2020
 
 
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