ATOSSA
 
 
A Change of Master
 
On 3rd March 1876 ‘Atossa’ arrived in Cardiff from Swansea. The South Wales Daily News newspaper described the arrival as “’Atossa’ 482 Williams Swansea ballast”
Gales Williams, Master of ‘Atossa’ was born in Littlehampton, Sussex on 12th March 1835. His parents were Rowland and Jemima Williams. Gales was baptised at St. Mary’s Church, Littlehampton on 19th April 1835. At the time of the 1841 census he was living at Heywood’s Buildings, Littlehampton with his 45-year-old mother, his sisters, Sarah (25 years), Rachel (21 years), Mary (12 years) and his brother, James (9 years). His father was not present.
On 6th March 1850 Gales aged 15 years, became an indentured apprentice to his father, Rowland Williams, a Master Mariner of Shoreham. It was shown in the apprentice register that Gales was to serve aboard the vessel ‘Exchange’ of Shoreham.
During the next ten years he worked on the following ships: -
 

SHIP & PORT OF REGISTRY

RANK

DATES OF SERVICE

Vibilia - Newcastle

Apprentice

6th March 1850 – 5th August 1853

Alnwick Packet - Newcastle

Civility - Hartlepool

O.S.

12th October 1853 – 20th January 1854

Minedora - Shoreham

O.S.

21st February 1854 – 22nd March 1854

Fifteen - London

Boatswain

5th April 1855 – 7th October 1855

Fifteen - London

 Mate

18th October 1855 – 22nd November 1855

Champion - Shoreham

A.B.

18th April 1856 – 31st December 1856

Ann Hall - Greenock

A.B.

4th May 1857 – 3rd July 1857

Ann Hall - Arundel

A.B.

9th July 1857 – 31st October 1857

Rhine - London

Mate

4th November 1857 – 4th June 1858

Rhine - London

Mate

1st October 1858 – 10th April 1859

Rhine - London

Boatswain

11th April 1859 – 15th October 1859

Rhine - London

Mate

24th October 1859 – 27th January 1860

 
On 25th February 1860 Gales Williams was issued with his ‘Only Mate’ certificate numbered 21921. His address was given as Pier Road, Littlehampton.
On 12th January 1862 Gales married Mary Robinson in Swansea. Mary was the 20-year-old daughter of Joseph and Jane Robinson. Both Gales and Mary gave their address as 1 York Street, Swansea. This was the home of Mary’s parents and their other five children.
Gales applied for his Masters Certificate on 12th September 1863. He gave his address as the Sailors House, Cork. The certificate was issued on 21st September 1863 and showed his address as 7 Portland Place, Swansea.
Between January 1860 and September 1863 Gales Williams had served on the following ships: -
 

SHIP, OFFICIAL NUMBER
& PORT OF REGISTRY

RANK

DATES OF SERVICE

Bewley – 26218 - London

Mate

28th April 1860 – 6th October 1860

 Emily – 11936 - Swansea

Mate

18th December 1860 – 28th March 1861

 Maid of Athens – 48297 - Liverpool

Mate

 12th April 1861 – 26th November 1861

 Ceres – 20076 - Swansea

Mate

 5th April 1862 – 8th August 1862

 Hilja – 26345 - Liverpool

Mate

29th September 1862 – 9th December 1862

 Hilja – 26345 - Liverpool

Mate

 16th February 1863 – 6th August 1863

 
On 18th March 1876 Gales Williams signed an Agreement numbered 12124 which was to take ‘Atossa’  “from Cardiff to Antofagasta and/or any ports or places in the North and/or South Pacific and Atlantic Oceans, Indian, China and/or Eastern Seas, Cape, Australian and/or New Zealand Colonies, North or South America, United Sates of America, Dominion of Canada, West Indies, and/or Continent of Europe, including the Mediterranean Sea and/or Seas adjacent To and Fro if required for any period not exceeding Two Years and finally to a port of discharge in the United Kingdom.”
The men who signed on were: -
 

NAME

AGE &
PLACE OF BIRTH

CAPACITY
(Certificate No.)

PREVIOUS SHIP & PORT
AT WHICH REGISTERED

Gales Williams

41 - Littlehampton

Master (21921)

Same Ship

David V. Clay

27 - Fishguard

Mate (95141)

Victoria - Swansea

James Williams

25 - Dinas

2nd Mate (0596)

Jasper - Whitehaven

William Bryant

34 - Cardiff

Carpenter & Seaman

M. Floris - Liverpool

William Quigley

51 - Liverpool

Cook & Steward

L. Bearer - Swansea

Joseph Johns

32 - Fishguard

AB

Stranger - Swansea

Robert Langley

36 - London

AB

J. Margaret - Fleetwood

J Smith

24 - London

AB

[?] - Plymouth

George Elia

28 - Greece

AB

A. Star - Shields

William Louch

42 - Brixham

AB

A.  Star - Shields

Benjamin Evans

18 - Dinas

AB

Stranger - Swansea

Jeremiah Harrington

19 - Liverpool

OS

Pleiades - Liverpool

John Elliott

16

Apprentice

-

John Kydd

15

Apprentice

-

Harry Rix

18

Apprentice

-

George Burnett Berrie

15

Apprentice

-

 
The crew’s wages were: -
 

CAPACITY

MONTHLY
WAGE

ADVANCE OF
WAGES

MONTHLY
ALLOTMENT

Mate

£6 6s 0d

£6 6s 0d

-

2nd Mate

£4 5s 0d

£4 5s 0d

£1 0s 0d

Carpenter & Seaman

£5 10s 0d

£5 10s 0d

£3 0s 0d

Cook & Steward

£5 5s 0d

£5 5s 0d

£2 12s 6d

Able Seaman except Johns and Evans

£3 5s 0d

£3 5s 0d

-

Joseph Johns

£3 5s 0d

£3 0s 0d

£1 10s 0d

Benjamin Evans

£3 5s 0d

£3 5s 0d

£1 12s 6d

Ordinary Seaman

£2 5s 0d

£2 5s 0d

-

 
David Vaughan Clay was born on 4th December 1848 in Fishguard, Pembrokeshire. On 23rd December 1871 he was granted his ‘Only Mate’ certificate numbered 95141. On 3rd January 1876 David Clay was issued with his ‘Master’ certificate numbered 95141. At this time he gave his address as 83 Pitt Street, Liverpool.
Jeremiah Harrington was born in Liverpool in 1859. His father, also named Jeremiah and his mother Rose Ann Harrington (nee Sloan) were both born in Ireland. In 1861, as a 2-year-old, he was living with his parents, at House 5, 15 Court, Hornby Road, Liverpool. They were sharing the accommodation with three brothers, unrelated to the Harringtons', and on the night of the census on Sunday 7th April, the brothers’ male visitor. The four men were all employed as ship-smiths. Jeremiah (senior) gave his occupation as ‘Mariner Merchant Service’.
In 1861 Hornby Road was part of one of the most overcrowded and neglected parts of Liverpool. Small houses built off dark, narrow courtyards provided cheap housing for large numbers of people.
By 1871, Jeremiah (junior) had two brothers and two sisters. They were all born in Liverpool. The family were living at 13 Ascot Street, Liverpool.
John Elliott was born in Sunderland in 1855. He became an indentured apprentice bound to J. Nicholson of Sunderland for a five year term on 21st August 1871. His apprenticeship was registered at Sunderland on 2nd September 1871. He served two periods aboard ‘Corrina’ (Official Number 54871) once between 3rd June 1874 and 17th February 1875, and again from 25th March 1875 to 10th January 1876. He joined ‘Atossa’ on 18th March 1876.
John Kydd was born in Arbroath, Scotland in 1861. He became bound for fours as an indentured apprentice to John Nicholson of Sunderland on 8th February 1876. His apprenticeship was registered at Swansea on 14th February 1876. He joined ‘Atossa’ on 18th March 1876 and remained with her until 19th February 1877.
Harry Rix was born in Wisbeach, Cambridgeshire in 1858. His two-year indentured apprenticeship bound to John Nicholson of Sunderland was registered in Sunderland on 17th March 1876. He served aboard ‘Atossa’ from 18th March 1876 until 19th February 1877. His apprenticeship was cancelled on 28th April 1877.
George Burnet Berrie was born in Leeds in 1861. His indentured apprenticeship to William Nicholson of Sunderland for a five year term was registered in Cardiff on 22nd March 1876. He joined ‘Atossa’ on 20th March 1876 and remained with her until 19th February 1877.
The South Wales Daily News newspaper reported on Wednesday 22nd March 1876 that ‘Atossa’ cleared the port of Cardiff on 21st March 1876 bound for Antofagasta, Chile. She was carrying 68 tons of coal and 560 rails. The broker was listed as ‘G. Strina’.
Other shipping entries in the same edition of the newspaper show the name ‘M. Strina’ as the broker.
Michele Andrew Robert Strina was born in Palermo, Italy in about 1830. His father was Julius Strina, who was described as a ‘Gentleman’ at the time of Michele’s marriage to Sarah Elizabeth Smith at St. Mary’s Church, Paddington, London on 20th May 1868. The marriage register shows Michele as a Shipbroker.
Sarah Smith was born in Sandwich, Kent in about 1834.
At the time of the 1871 census, Michele aged 41 years and Sarah aged 32 years, were living in Bute Crescent, Cardiff with their six children aged between one year and eleven years of age. All of the children were born in Cardiff. Michele gave his occupation as Shipbroker. They employed one general servant; Elizabeth Bush, 45 years old, who was born in Cardiff.
In 1873 the couple had another son, born in Cardiff. On 3rd April 1881 the whole family, with the exception of the eldest son, were at their home, Devon Villa, Roath, Cardiff. Michele’s occupation was recorded as Shipbroker.
The National Probate Calendar carried an entry dated 6th April 1883 which read, “Michele Strina. Administration to the Personal Estate of Michele Strina late of Devon Villa in the parish of Roath in the County of Glamorgan Shipbroker who died 15 February 1883 at Marseilles in France was granted at Llandaff to Sarah Strina of Devon Villa Widow of the Relict. Personal Estate £7,282 6s 5d”.
Lloyd’s List reported the position of ‘Atossa’ on Tuesday 30th May 1876 as, “’Atossa’ Cardiff to Antofagasta, 29 days out, 20th Apl., 1 N 26 W.
The British Vice-Consulate in Antofagasta recorded in the ships Agreement that the “vessel arrived 11th July 1876. Articles deposited same day. Articles returned 18th August 1876.” The entry was signed by H. R. [Hugo Ross] Steavenson, Vice-Consul. 
 
Antofagasta Nitrate Works 1876
Antofagasta - Nitrate Industry - 1876
Drawing by T. Taylor
Wikimedia Commons
 
On 22nd August 1876 John Elliott’s apprenticeship expired and he was taken on as an Able Seaman at the rate of £3 5s 0d per calendar month.
The British Vice-Consulate in Iquique recorded in the ships Agreement that ‘Atossa’ arrived in port and that Articles were deposited on 23rd August 1876.
John Nairn of the British Consulate in endorsed the Agreement “I certify that I have sanctioned the engagement of John Elliott upon the terms of the within written agreement that he understands said agreement which he has signed in my presence.”
Lloyd’s List reported that ‘Atossa’ was loading at Iquique on 31st August 1876.
The Agreement recorded that ‘Atossa’s Articles were returned to Gales Williams 16th September 1876.
Lloyd’s List reported that ‘Atossa’ cleared Iquique on 30th September 1876.
‘Atossa’ was sailing for Hamburg, Germany. Crew members and terms of service were exactly as on the outward journey.
The Sunderland Daily Echo and Shipping Gazette newspaper reported ‘Atossa’s position as 13° 20’ S, 29° 25’ W, on 17th November 1876, 58 days out, bound for Falmouth from Iquique.
On 15th January 1877 ‘Atossa’ arrived at Cuxhaven, Germany, and on 17th January 1877 at Hamburg.
Vessels took advantage of its good anchorage, and refuge when seeking shelter against northerly and westerly gales. Ships waited in the roads for favourable winds, and called for pilots when going up the Elbe to Hamburg. Cuxhaven was a free port, with no harbour dues. Vessels entering and leaving the port were not subject to any formalities. The Elbe is about 780 miles in length and one of the longest rivers in northern Europe.
The British Vice-Consul in Hamburg, J. Henderson, recorded in ‘Atossa’s Agreement “Ship arrived. Articles deposited. January 17. 1877. Returned Febry. 5. 1877. I hereby certify that the within named J. Williams, Wm. Bryant, J. Johns, R. Langley, J. Smith, G. Elia, Wm. Louch, B. Evans, J. Harrington & J. Elliott have been discharged at this port with my sanction upon mutual agreement, that their wages have been paid & their effects delivered to them and provision made that they shall not become chargeable to this Consulate. I also certify that I have sanctioned the engagement of G. Bischoff, L. Heyer, W. Olsen, R. Schroder, F. Winter, C. Daneker, F. Bartells, J Nilson, O. Olsen, H. [?] upon the terms mentioned in the within written agreement, they having signed the same in my presence with a full understanding thereof. Hamburg. Febr. 5. 1877”.
All wages paid to crew members discharged at Hamburg were: -

James Williams
William Bryant
Joseph Johns
Robert Langley
J. Smith
George Elia
William Louch
Benjamin Evans
Jeremiah Harrington
John Elliott

£26 7s 3d
£19 17s 10d
£12 4s 6d
£27 13s 11d
£28 3s 5d
£22 14s 3d
£20 13s 10d
£9 2s 10d
£8 18s 11d
£8 18s 6d

The crew list for the transfer from Hamburg to Sunderland was: -
 

NAME

AGE &
PLACE OF BIRTH

CAPACITY
(Certificate No.)

PREVIOUS SHIP & PORT
AT WHICH REGISTERED

 Gales Williams

 41 - Littlehampton

Master (21921)

Same Ship

 David V. Clay

 27 - Fishguard

Mate (95141)

Victoria - Swansea

Gottlich Bischoff

34 - Hamburg

Bosun

Prosper - Carnarvon

William Quigley

 51 - Liverpool

Cook & Steward

 L Bearer - Swansea

Ludwig Heyer

37 - Hamburg

AB

Adelaide - Liverpool

Wilhelm Olsen

23 - Sweden

AB

Dale - Leith

Robert Schroder

29  - Heligoland

AB

Foreign Ship

 F. Winter

34 - Bremen

AB

Foreign Ship

C. Daneker

34 - Hamburg

AB

Foreign Ship

F. Bartells

34 - Hamburg

AB

Foreign Ship

J. Nilson

27 - Sweden

AB

Foreign Ship

Olaf Olsen

23 - Norway

OS

Foreign Ship

 H. [?]

20 - Sweden

OS

Foreign Ship

 John Kydd

15

Apprentice

 -

 Harry Rix

18

Apprentice

 -

 George Burnett Berrie

15

Apprentice

 -

 
Bischoff, Heyer, W. Olsen, Schroder, O. Olsen and H. [?] joined ‘Atossa’ on 3rd February 1877. Winter, Daneker, Bartells and Nilson signed on, on 5th February 1877.
The Agreement showed that all crew members who signed on in Hamburg were “Treated as runners. Paid off on board”. The sums paid to each man were not shown.
The Shields Daily Gazette showed ‘Atossa’ as sailing from Cuxhaven for Sunderland on 13th February 1877.
‘Atossa’ was in port at Sunderland by 20th February 1877 where Gales Williams signed off the Agreement. He and all crew members were discharged that day.
Gales Williams did not sail with ‘Atossa’ again.
The 1881 census showed Gales and his wife, Mary living at 12 Nichol Street, Swansea with their 18-year-old daughter, Jemima J. Williams. Gales father, Rowland, then aged 64 years, lived at 13 Nichol Street with his second wife, 24-year-old dressmaker, Harriet who was born in Shoreham, Sussex.
The Register of Births, Marriages and Deaths at Sea recorded Gales Williams death on 14th July 1882 in Constantinople following a voyage from Odessa aboard ‘Raisby’ of London, official number 85090, a vessel owned by John S. Barwick of Sunderland. Cause of death was given as “Inflammation Diarrhoea etc”.
The National Probate Register for 24th December 1887 read, “The Will of Gales Williams late of 12 Nichol-street, Swansea in the County of Glamorgan, Master Mariner, who died 14th July 1882 at the Seaman’s Hospital, Constantinople in Turkey was proved at the Principle Registry by Mary Williams of 12 Nichol-street Widow the Relict the sole Executrix. Probate being granted certain Limitations. Personal Estate £471 5s 9d”.
Gales was a member of the Freemasons Indefatigable Lodge, Swansea from 1870 until his death.
 
New Owner and New Ports 1877 > >
 
The Story Begins Absent Crew and Flying Jib 1872-1873 Rio De Janeiro, Barbados & Wilmington
The Construction of Atossa Swansea to Valparaiso and return 1873 James Grevett
The Shipbuilding Thompson Family The 1874 and 1875 Voyages The Caribbean 1889
The Mercantile Navy List 1864 A Change of Master 1876 Grevett as Master
The First Master and Crew New Owner and New Ports 1877 The 1890/1891 Survey
Dover to Valparaiso 1863-1864 Sugar and Onboard Offences The Final Voyage
Peru and Wales Demerara and London 1878-1879 Places Index
Chile and back 1864-1865 The Far Side of the World 1879-1881 Place Connections
Clements becomes Master South Africa and India 1881-1882 Surnames Index
Official Log Entries 1866-1867 The Robinson Family Ships Index
Return to Chile 1867 Ceylon and New York 1882-1883 Map of Chile
Chile Again 1868-1869 Brazil and India 1883-1884 Sources
Swansea to Coquimbo return 1869-1870 Cape Verde and the West Indies 1885  
Chile and New York 1870-1871 October 1885 to October 1886  
South America and Europe 1871 Twenty-One Months Away © atossa.uk 2020
 
 
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