ATOSSA
 
 
Demerara Sugar
 
On 1st March 1878 William Bedford, Shipowner, engaged Thomas Eddy as Master of ‘Atossa’. He signed an Agreement which was to take the ship from Glasgow to Demerara and/or if required any Ports or Places in South America, West Indies, United States of America or British North America until the ship returns to a final port of discharge on the Continent of Europe and/or the United Kingdom with liberty to call at any port for orders. Probable period of engagement Twelve Months.” 
Each man who was to join ‘Atossa’ would be provided with food and drink in line with the “Scale of Provisions to be allowed and served out to the Crew during the Voyage, in addition to the daily issue of Lime and Lemon Juice and Sugar, or other antiscorbutics in any case required by Law”: -
 
1lb of bread every day.
1½lbs of beef on Sundays, Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays.
1¼lbs of pork on Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays.
½lb of flour on Sundays, Tuesdays and Thursdays.
⅓ pint of peas on Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays.
½lb rice on Saturdays.
A daily allowance of ⅛oz of tea.
A daily allowance of ½oz of coffee.
A daily allowance of 2ozs of sugar.
A daily allowance of three quarts of water.
Equivalent substitute at the Masters option.
 
Each man agreed “to conduct themselves in an orderly, faithful, honest, and sober manner, and to be at all times diligent in their respective Duties, and to be obedient to the Lawful Commands of the said Master, or of any Person who shall lawfully succeed him, and of their Superior Officers, in every thing relating to the said Ship and the Stores and Cargo thereof, whether on board, in boats, or on shore : in consideration of which Services to be duly performed, the said Master hereby agrees to pay to the said Crew as Wages the Sums against their Names respectively expressed, and to supply them with Provisions according to the above Scale : And it is hereby agreed That any Embezzlement or wilful or negligent Destruction of any part of the Ship’s Cargo or Stores shall be made good to the Owner out of the Wages of the Person guilty of the same : And if any person enters himself as qualified for a duty which he proves incompetent to perform, his Wages shall be reduced in proportion to his incompetency : And it is also agreed, That the Regulations authorised by the Board of Trade, which are printed herein, and numbered from 1 to 22 inclusive are adopted by the parties hereto, and shall be considered as embodied in this Agreement : And it is also agreed, That if any Member of the Crew considers himself to be aggrieved by any breach of the Agreement or otherwise, he shall represent to same to the Master or Officer in charge of the Ship in a quiet and orderly manner, who shall thereupon take such steps as the case may require : And it is also agreed, That the Crew be onboard sober at the time stated or the Master may ship others in their place. No spirits allowed.”
The Regulations numbered 1 to 22 that formed part of the Agreement were a list of offences that could be committed by anyone who signed on and the respective punishments: -
 

OFFENCE & FINE OR PUNISHMENT

01. .Not being on board at the time fixed by the agreement.
01. . Two Days’ Pay
02. .Not returning on board at the expiration of leave.
02. .One Days’ Pay
03. .Insolence or contemptuous language or behaviour towards the Master or any Mate.
03. .One Days’ Pay
04. .Striking or assaulting any person on board or belonging to the ship.
04. .Two Days’ Pay
05. .Quarrelling or provoking to quarrel.
05. .One Days’ Pay
06. .Swearing or using improper language.
06. .One Days’ Pay
07. .Bringing or having on board spirituous liquors.
07. .Three Days’ Pay
08. .Carrying a sheath-knife.
08.. One Days’
09. .Drunkenness. First Offence: Two Days’ half-allowance of provisions
0Drunkenness. 9.. Second Offence: Two Days’ Pay
10. .Neglect on the part of the Officer in charge of the watch to place the look-out properly.
10, .Two Days’ Pay
11. .Sleeping or gross negligence while on the look-out.
11. .Two Days’ Pay
12. .Not extinguishing lights at the times ordered.
12. .One Days’ Pay
13. .Smoking below.
13. .One Days’ Pay
14. .Neglecting to bring-up, open out, and air bedding, when ordered.
14. . Half a Days’ Pay
15. .(For the Cook) – Not having any meal of the crew ready at the appointed time.
15. .One Days’ Pay
16. .Not attending Divine Service on Sunday, unless prevented by sickness or duty of the ship.
16. .One Days’ Pay
17. .Interrupting Divine Service by indecorous conduct.
17. .One Days’ Pay
18. .Not being cleaned, shaved, and washed on Sundays.
18. .One Days’ Pay
19. .Washing clothes on a Sunday.
19. .One Days’ Pay
20. .Secreting contraband goods on board with intent to smuggle.
20. .One Months’ Pay
21. .Destroying or defacing the copy of the agreement which is made accessible to the Crew.
21. .One Days’ Pay
22. .If any Officer is guilty of an act or default which is made subject to a Fine, he shall be liable 22. .to a Fine of twice the number of Days’ Pay which would be exacted for a like act or default 22. .from a Seaman, and such Fine shall be paid and applied in the same manner as other Fines.

On 1st March 1878 all crew members signed on. They were required to be on board ‘Atossa’ at 9am on Monday 4th March 1878.
The crew list was: -
 

NAME

AGE &
PLACE OF BIRTH

CAPACITY
(Certificate No.)

PREVIOUS SHIP & PORT
AT WHICH REGISTERED

Thomas Eddy

43 - Devon

Master (34326)

Geraldine

 William Henderson

38 - Jamaica

Mate (92799)

Eleanor - Plymouth

 James Blenny

39 - Dundee

Bosun

Cottica - Glasgow

John A Currie

24 - Greenock

 Cook & Steward

Christina - Glasgow

  Henry Patterson

26 - Glasgow

AB

 Benledi - Leith

 John McMullin

25 - Hull

AB

Poatin? - Swansea

 Andrew Grinlaw

26 - Dunbar

AB

Strathblane - Glasgow

  William Saul

 22 - Dublin

AB

 Edgar - Yarmouth

 Charles Lapham

27 - Dublin

AB

Benledi - Leith

 Alexander Dow

22 - Montrose

AB

Sunshine - Wick

 Kenneth McIver

27 - Stornoway

AB

Lake Michigan - Glasgow

John Forbes

16

Apprentice

-

David McIntosh

16

Apprentice

-

 
The crew’s wages were: -
 

CAPACITY

MONTHLY
WAGE

ADVANCE
OF WAGES

MONTHLY
ALLOTMENT

Mate

£6 10s 0d

£6 10s 0d

-

Bosun

£4 0s 0d

£4 0s 0d

-

Cook & Steward

£4 10s 0d

£4 10s 0d

-

Able Seamen

£3 0s 0d

£3 0s 0d

-

 
The Agreement showed that the “Distance in feet and inches between centre of Maximum load line disc and upper edge of line indicating the position of the First Deck above it. 3ft 3 ins.”
Thomas Eddy was born in Salcombe, Devon on 5th July 1835. He first went to sea in 1855 and five years later applied for his Second Mates Certificate which was granted on 9th June 1860 by order of the “Lords of the Committee of Privy Council for Trade” and read “Whereas it has been reported to us that you have been found duly qualified to fulfil the duties of Second Mate in the Merchant Service we do hereby in pursuance of the Merchant Shipping Act 1854 grant you this Certificate of Competency.” On 19th August 1861 Thomas applied for and was granted his First Mates Certificate numbered 22532. At this time he gave his address as Charleton, Devon. On 20th March 1863 Thomas made an application for his Masters Certificate of Competency for Foreign Going Ships. It was granted and numbered 22532.
The ships that he served on between 1855 and 1863 were: -
 

SHIP & PORT

RANK

FROM

TO

Solway - London

AB

21st August 1855

19th July 1856

Earl of Elgin (15657) - Bridgwater

AB

2nd August 1856

5th July 1857

Josephine (15287) - Dartmouth

AB

August 1857

January 1858

Cornucopia - Dartmouth

AB

May 1858

July 1859

Cornucopia - Dartmouth

AB

August 1859

May 1860

Isabella Harriett - Sunderland

2nd Mate

3rd August 1860

August 1861

Stork - London

 Chief Mate

October 1861

February 1863

 
William Henderson was born in Grand Cayman, Cayman Islands (Jamaica) on 20th April 1837.
He was issued with his Second Mate certificate, numbered 92799, on 4th June 1870 following an examination in Greenock. At the time he gave his address as 3 McAlpine Street, Glasgow.
He claimed 20 years sea service between 1852 and 1876, in which year he passed his First Mate examination. As a First Mate he served on: -
 
SHIP & PORT FROM TO
Seraphina - London

8th May 1876

23rd September 1876

Seraphina - London

13th November 1876

3rd February 1877

Eleanor - Plymouth

21st April 1877

15th November 1877

 
On 18th December 1877 at Glasgow, William passed his Master examination and his certificate was issued on 20th December 1877.
On 4th March 1878 he joined ‘Atossa’ as Mate.
John Forbes was born in Edinburgh in 1862. David McIntosh was born in Dundee in 1862. They both became Indentured Apprentices to William Bedford on 27th February 1878 in Glasgow. They were both bound to their employer for four years.
‘Atossa’ sailed from Glasgow for Demerara with a general cargo on 8th March 1878, arriving there on 23rd April 1878.
Demerara is now known as Georgetown. It is the capital of Guyana, South America, on the Atlantic Ocean coast at the mouth of the Demerara River.
An entry in the ‘Dues and Charges on Shipping at Foreign Ports’ manual reads “George Town is situated on the right bank of the river D., just within the mouth. Distance from Liverpool 3,960 miles. There are only 10 feet water on the bar at low-water, but vessels drawing 17 to 18 feet can cross it at high-water. The bottom is soft mud, so that if vessels ground no damage is likely to occur. Exports – Sugar, rum, molasses, hard-wood timber, greenheart, old iron, old copper, Wallaba shingles.”
‘Atossa’s Articles were deposited at the Shipping Office in Demerara on 1st May 1878 and returned to the Master on 15th May 1878.
The Shipping Office had applied an endorsement to the Agreement which read “I hereby certify that Henry Patterson has been left behind, a prisoner in jail. His wages paid, and clothes? given up to him. And that Geo. Blanchett has signed the within Articles in my presence. James Baddill”
The crew for the voyage to Trinidad was: -
 

NAME

AGE &
PLACE OF BIRTH

CAPACITY
(Certificate No.)

PREVIOUS SHIP & PORT
AT WHICH REGISTERED

Thomas Eddy

43 - Devon

Master (34326 )

Geraldine

 William Henderson

38 - Jamaica

Mate (92799 )

Eleanor - Plymouth

 James Blenny

39 - Dundee

Bosun

Cottica - Glasgow

John A Currie

24 - Greenock

 Cook &  Steward

Christina - Glasgow

 John McMullin

25 - Hull

AB

Poatin? - Swansea

 Andrew Grinlaw

26 - Dunbar

AB

Strathblane - Glasgow

  William Saul

 22 - Dublin

AB

 Edgar - Yarmouth

 Charles Lapham

27 - Dublin

AB

Benledi - Leith

 Alexander Dow

22 - Montrose

AB

Sunshine - Wick

 Kenneth McIver

27 - Stornoway

AB

Lake Michigan - Glasgow

George Blanchett

29 - London

AB

Gazelle

John Forbes

16

Apprentice

-

David McIntosh

16

Apprentice

-

 
Provisions and rates of pay for all crew members remained the same. George Blanchett was paid £3 0s 0d per calendar month and advanced £1 10s 0d on 15th May 1878 at the time of signing on.
‘Atossa’ sailed from Demerara for Trinidad on or soon after 15th May 1878.
Lloyd’s List showed that ‘Atossa’ arrived in Trinidad from Demerara on 22nd May 1878.
The ‘Dues and Charges on Shipping at Foreign Ports’ manual described Port of Spain, Trinidad as “situated on the Gulf of Praia. Shortest sea route from Liverpool, 3,900 miles. The usual anchorage is in 5 fathoms outside, gradually shoaling towards the shore. The bottom being of soft mud, vessels need not fear touching. Exports – Cocoa, sugar, molasses, rum, coffee, cocoa-nuts, asphaltum and Angostura bitters, etc. Imports – Cottons, woollens, linens, silks, cod-fish, lumber, bread-stuffs, etc. Sugar-making generally commences in January and finishes about May. The cocoa crop lasts throughout the year.”
The Shipping Master in Trinidad endorsed ‘Atossa’s Agreement on 8th July 1878 to the effect that “Articles deposited on arrival of vessel and this day returned to the Master.”
‘Atossa’ sailed from Trinidad bound for home waters on 8th July 1878.
On 23rd August 1878 ‘Atossa’ arrived in Greenock on the Clyde, Scotland carrying a cargo of sugar.
On 24th August 1878 the crew were discharged and paid the balance of their wages: -

William Henderson
James Blenny
John A Currie
John McMullin
Andrew Grinlaw
William Saul
Charles Lapham
Alexander Dow
Kenneth McIver
George Blanchett

£24 3s 11d
£18 2s 4d
£17 12s 7d
£11 19s 7d
£12 0s 4d
£12 4s 1d
£10 19s 10d
£12 12s 4d
£13 3s 4d
£6 3s 7d

 
Demerara and London 1878-1879 > >
 
The Story Begins Absent Crew and Flying Jib 1872-1873 Rio De Janeiro, Barbados & Wilmington
The Construction of Atossa Swansea to Valparaiso and return 1873 James Grevett
The Shipbuilding Thompson Family The 1874 and 1875 Voyages The Caribbean 1889
The Mercantile Navy List 1864 A Change of Master 1876 Grevett as Master
The First Master and Crew New Owner and New Ports 1877 The 1890/1891 Survey
Dover to Valparaiso 1863-1864 Sugar and Onboard Offences The Final Voyage
Peru and Wales Demerara and London 1878-1879 Places Index
Chile and back 1864-1865 The Far Side of the World 1879-1881 Place Connections
Clements becomes Master South Africa and India 1881-1882 Surnames Index
Official Log Entries 1866-1867 The Robinson Family Ships Index
Return to Chile 1867 Ceylon and New York 1882-1883 Map of Chile
Chile Again 1868-1869 Brazil and India 1883-1884 Sources
Swansea to Coquimbo return 1869-1870 Cape Verde and the West Indies 1885  
Chile and New York 1870-1871 October 1885 to October 1886  
South America and Europe 1871 Twenty-One Months Away © atossa.uk 2020
 
 
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