ATOSSA
 
 
Demerara and London 1878-1879
 
On Tuesday 3rd September 1878 Lloyd’s List noted that ‘Atossa’ was loading at Greenock for a voyage to Demerara. The broker on this occasion was listed as ‘Wm. Gibson’.
On 5th September 1878 William Bedford, Shipowner, placed James Johnston as Master of ‘Atossa’. He signed an Agreement which would take the ship “From Greenock to Demerara and/or if required to any ports or ports in the West Indies and/or Brazils and/or any other part of South America and/or West Coast of America and/or North or South Pacific Oceans and/or Indian or China Seas and/or Australasian, New Zealand or Cape Colonies and/or North or South Atlantic Oceans and/or United States of America and/or British North America and/or Mediterranean Sea and/or any part of Europe to and from as freight or employment may offer for the ship and until her return to a final port of discharge in the United Kingdom with liberty to call at a port or ports for orders. Term of service not to exceed two years.”
Each man who was to join ‘Atossa’ would be provided with food and drink in line with the “Scale of Provisions to be allowed and served out to the Crew during the Voyage, in addition to the daily issue of Lime and Lemon Juice and Sugar, or other antiscorbutics in any case required by Law” : -
1lb of bread every day.
1½lbs of beef on Sundays, Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays.
1¼lbs of pork on Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays.
½lb of flour on Sundays, Tuesdays and Thursdays.
⅓ pint of peas on Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays.
½lb rice on Saturdays.
A daily allowance of ⅛oz of tea.
A daily allowance of ½oz of coffee.
A daily allowance of 2ozs of sugar.
A daily allowance of 3 quarts of water.
Equivalent substitute at the Masters option.
All men signing on for the voyage agreed that “there shall be no right to any allowance of spirits, no liberty to go on shore nor any money advanced at a foreign port.”
The crew list was: -
 

NAME

AGE &
PLACE OF BIRTH

CAPACITY
(Certificate No.)

PREVIOUS SHIP & PORT
AT WHICH REGISTERED

James Johnston

37 - Lerwick

Master (5129 )

Eveline - Greenock

Henry Anderson

48 - Shetland

Mate (14006 )

Georgie - Salcombe

Lewis McDonald

23 - Stornoway

Bosun

Tamerlane - Greenock

Frederick Johnston

28 - Germany

Cook & Steward

American Ship

William Tillet

? - Liverpool

AB

Lydia - Maryport

David Hassen

41 - Philadelphia

AB

Crown Prince - St John

Charles Hilton

?8 - Manchester

AB

Kilvey - Swansea

James U. McGinty

35 - Bangor

AB

Kilvey - Swansea

Alex Swift

47 - Bristol

AB

Home - Yarmouth, N. S.

Samuel B. Hickey

27 - Plymouth

AB (48394 with leave)

Forganhall - Greenock

Emil Mossef

21 - Germany

AB

Northern Queen - Bristol

John Forbes

16

Apprentice

-

David McIntosh

16

Apprentice

-

 
The Agreement showed that the “Distance in feet and inches between centre of Maximum load line disc and upper edge of line indicating the position of the First Deck above it. 3ft 0ins.”
James Johnston was born on 1st December 1842 in Lerwick, Shetland. On 20th December 1864 he went to sea serving on five ships until 24th December 1870: -
 

SHIPS NAME,
OFFICIAL NUMBER & PORT

RANK

FROM

TO

Great Australia (37152)
St. Johns, New Brunswick

AB

20th December 1864

4th April 1866

Hemisphere (45878)
Liverpool

AB

16th May 1866

25th August 1866

Prince George (54373)
St. Johns, New Brunswick

Bosun

22nd September 1866

21st October 1867

Magdala (35049)
Liverpool

AB

23rd April 1868

1st August 1868

Home (38189)
Yarmouth, Nova Scotia

Bosun

18th August 1868
1st April 1869
28th March 1870
12th August 1870

14th December 1868
14th July 1869
5th August 1870
24th December 1870

 
On 13th March 1871 whilst serving as Bosun on ‘Home’ of Yarmouth, Nova Scotia, James was issued with his Only Mates Certificate of Competency. It was numbered 5129. He gave his address as 61 Nicholson Street, Greenock.
On 12th April 1871 he was employed as Mate on ‘Champion’ (Official Number 25519) of Troon. This was the first of six periods of service on the ship: -
FROM
TO
12th April 1871
30th July 1871
1st August 1871
18th November 1871
1st April 1872
4th August 1872
8th August 1872
27th November 1872
14th April 1873
18th July 1873
1st August 1873
24th November 1873
 
On 26th December 1872 James Johnston reported before a Magistrate in Greenock that “I, James Johnston of Greenock do hereby solemnly and sincerely declare (1) That my Certificate was a Certificate of Competency and that it was numbered 5129. (2) That the said Certificate was lost or destroyed at sea on 19th November while the vessel was in a gale of Wind she shipped a heavy Sea gutted the Poop carrying away all contents, the certificate was afterwards picked up in a destroyed condition.” A copy Certificate was issued at the cost to James of two shillings and sixpence.
James served as Mate on ‘Cambridge’ (Official Number 15058) of Greenock between 30th March 1874 and 12th August 1874. On 5th March 1875 he was granted his Masters Certificate. His address at this time was 3 Stewart Street, Greenock.
Henry Anderson was born in Walls, Shetland on 2nd April 1830. He served on ten ships between 1st April 1847 and 24th December 1861.
 

SHIP & PORT

RANK

FROM

TO

Thomas Rowell - Hartlepool

Apprentice

1st April 1847

1st April 1851

Negotiator - Sunderland

AB

11th April 1851

3rd March 1852

Samuel - St. Johns, New Brunswick

AB

2nd April 1852

30th June 1852

Chance - Liverpool

AB

12th July 1852

6th July 1853

Joseph Tarrat - St. Johns, New Brunswick

2nd Mate

5th February 1856

19th September 1856

Dorchester - Liverpool

2nd Mate

16th January 1857

19th August 1857

Redan - Bristol

2nd Mate

23rd September 1857

27th August 1858

Aunt Mary - Newcastle

Mate

19th November 1858

8th March 1859

Aunt Mary - Newcastle

Mate

16th March 1859

4th August 1859

George - Aberystwyth

Mate

19th September 1859

8th June 1860

Villa Franca - New York

Mate

October 1860

24th December 1861

 
On 23rd January 1856 Henry obtained his Certificate of Competency as Second Mate. His address at that time was 12 Coburg Street, North Leith.
On 10th September 1857 he was issued with his First Mates Certificate of Competency. He gave his address as 12 Walker Street, Liverpool.
On 10th April 1862 Henry was granted his Masters Certificate which was numbered 14006. His address at that time was 46 Great King Edward Street, Edinburgh.
Lewis McDonald was born in Stornoway on 18th February 1855.
He became an Indentured Apprentice on 31st October 1874 bound for three years to J. & W. Stewart of Greenock. Throughout his apprenticeship he served on ‘Tamerlane’ (Official Number 29820).
On 18th April 1879 Lewis McDonald was granted his Second Mates Certificate of Competency. He gave his address as 222 Paisley Road, Glasgow.
On 11th December 1880 Lewis was issued with his First Mates Certificate of Competency. His home address was given as Bernera Cottage, Stornoway, Ross.
On 28th July 1882 he was issued with his Masters Certificate numbered 06524. At this time he gave his address as c/o Mrs Gunn, 14 Cathcart Street, Greenock.
Lewis McDonald served on board four ships between 31st October 1874 and 21st January 1882: -
 

SHIPS NAME,
OFFICIAL NUMBER & PORT

RANK

FROM

TO

Tamerlane (29820)
Greenock

Apprentice
3rd Mate

31st October 1874
31st October 1877

30th October 1877
18th July 1878

Atossa (47671)
Sunderland

Bosun

5th September 1878

 25th March 1879

John Paterson (68801)
Irvine

2nd Mate
2nd Mate

22nd April 1879
22nd April 1880

3rd January 1880
3rd August 1880

Avon (78569)
Glasgow

2nd Mate

10th August 1880

19th August 1880

John Paterson (68801)
Irvine

2nd Mate
1st Mate

28th August 1880
14th February 1881

26th November 1880
21st January 1882

 
Samuel Blight Hickey was born in Plymouth, Devon in 1851. At the of the 1881 census Samuel was living at 17 Chedworth Street, Plymouth with his 66-year-old widowed Mother, Charlotte and his brother, Edwin, aged 26 years, who also gave his occupation as Seaman.
On 6th October 1883 Samuel died whilst serving aboard ‘Lutetia’ (Official Number 76217) of Newcastle. The vessel was owned by William Wilson of Exchange Buildings, Newcastle. Samuel died as a result of accidental drowning while the ship was in port at Dieppe. His body was recovered from the harbour.
‘Atossa’ sailed from Greenock on 7th September 1878.
The Glasgow Herald newspaper of Monday 23rd September 1878 reported that “The barque ‘Atossa’ which sailed from the Tail of the Bank for Demerara, with coals, on 7th inst., put back to the Clyde yesterday, having sustained damage in the late gale which made it necessary for her to return, after being a good distance out.”
The Greenock Telegraph and Clyde Shipping Gazette of the same day carried news that, "Since Tuesday last no fewer than five vessels have put back to the Tail-of-the-Bank from the sea in a damaged condition. On the 17th inst. the 'Eastern Empire' put back. On the 18th inst. the ' Undaunted' and the 'Uranus' put back. On the 19th inst. the 'John Black' was forcd to return; and today the barque Atossa returned to the Tail-of-the-Bank making water. This almost wholesale breakdown of sea-going vessels, ordinarily fit enough for a long voyage, proves the terrific force of the late gale." and continued, "The 'Atossa', 482 tons, Captain Johnston, which recently left for Demerara with coal, put back to the Tail-of-the-Bank yesterday in a leaky condition. She sustained so much damage in the recent gales that she was unable to proceed after being many leagues on her way out."
On 25th September 1878 Charles Hilton deserted ‘Atossa’ in Greenock.
On 30th September 1878 at Greenock ‘Atossa’s Master, James Johnston was replaced by W. J. Stevens.
On the same day Apprentices John Forbes and David McIntosh deserted the ship, and Leoves Anderson was engaged as AB & Carpenter.
On 1st October 1878 A. W. Johansson and George Millar were taken on as Ordinary Seamen.
The amended crew list for the voyage to Demerara was: -
 

NAME

AGE &
PLACE OF BIRTH

CAPACITY
(Certificate No.)

PREVIOUS SHIP & PORT
AT WHICH REGISTERED

William James Stevens 

33 - Musselburgh

Master (85700)

Annie Lawrie - Leith

Henry Anderson

48 - Shetland

Mate (14006 )

Georgie - Salcombe

Lewis McDonald

23 - Stornoway

Bosun

Tamerlane - Greenock

Frederick Johnston

28 - Germany

 Cook & Steward

American Ship

Leoves Anderson

48 - Sweden

AB & Carpenter

Abbotsford - Glasgow

William Tillet

28 - Liverpool

AB

 Lydia - Maryport

 David Hassen

41 - Philadelphia

AB

Crown Prince - St John

 Charles Hilton

?8 - Manchester

AB

Kilvey - Swansea

James U. McGinty

 35 - Bangor

AB

Kilvey - Swansea

 Alex Swift

47 - Bristol

AB

Home - Yarmouth, N. S.

 Samuel B. Hickey

27 - Plymouth

AB (48394 with leave)

Forganhall - Greenock

 Emil Mossef

21 - Germany

AB

Northern Queen -Bristol

A. W. Johansson

19 - Sweden

OS

Hindostan -Swedish Ship

George Millar

17 - Dundee

OS

Salacia - Blythe

 
The crew’s wages were: -
 

CAPACITY

MONTHLY
WAGE

ADVANCE
OF WAGES

Mate

£6 6s 0d

-

Bosun

£3 15s 0d

-

Cook & Steward

£4 0s 0d

£4 0s 0d

AB

£2 15s 0d

£2 15s 0d

AB & Carpenter

£4 0s 0d

£4 0s 0d

OS - Johansson

£2 0s 0d

£2 0s 0d

OS - Millar

£1 15s 0d

£1 15s 0d

 
William James Stevens was born in Musselburgh on 10th November 1845. He became an Indentured Apprentice at the age of fourteen, to E. Watts of Blythe, bound for five years. On 25th June 1867 William was granted his Only Mate Certificate of Competency. At that time he was living in Anstruther.
On 18th March 1871 he was issued with his First Mates Certificate of Competency. He gave his address at that time as East Green, Anstruther.
On 30th January 1872 W. J. Stevens was issued with his Masters Certificate numbered 85700.
William James Stevens served on ten ships between February 1861 and January 1871: -
 

SHIP & PORT

RANK

FROM

TO

Josephine - Montrose

Apprentice

February 1861

February 1865  

Josephine - Montrose

AB

February 1865  

February 1865  

Esquimaux- Dundee

AB

August 1865

 August 1865

Anne Isabella - Montrose

AB

August 1865

October 1865

Anne Isabella - Montrose

AB

October 1865

February 1866

John - Aberdeen

AB

March 1866

May 1867

Anapira - Kirkcaldy

Mate

June 1867

January 1868

Bonadventure - Liverpool

AB

February 1868

August 1868

Catherine - N. Shields

Mate

October 1868

December 1868

Catherine - N. Shields

Mate

December 1868

July 1869

Nereid - Blythe

AB

October 1869

December 1869

Isabella - Montrose

Mate

December 1869

January 1870

Adriatic - Alloa

 2nd Mate

 March 1870

 June 1870

Adriatic - Alloa

Mate

June 1870

January 1871

 
On 4th October 1878, the Glasgow Herald newspaper reported that, “The barque ‘Atossa’ (of Sunderland) from Greenock to Demerara was left off the Craig by the tug ‘Flying Mist’ at 7P.M. on the 2nd inst. Wind, S.S.W." Ailsa Craig is an island in the outer Clyde.
Lloyd’s List recorded that ‘Atossa’, with Stevens as Master, arrived in Demerara on the 9th December 1878.
David Hassen was discharged from ‘Atossa’ by mutual consent on 9th December 1878. He was paid the £3 17s 10d balance of his wages.
On 23rd December 1878 Frederick Johnston was discharged from ‘Atossa’ by mutual consent. He was paid the £5 18s 4d balance of his wages.
The Agreement showed that James U. McGinty was left in jail in Demerara on 20th January 1879. He was paid the £7 1s 10d balance of his wages.
The crew list for the voyage to London was: -
 

NAME

AGE &
PLACE OF BIRTH

CAPACITY
(Certificate No.)

PREVIOUS SHIP & PORT
AT WHICH REGISTERED

  William James Stevens

33 - Musselburgh

Master (85700 )

 Annie Lawrie - Leith

Henry Anderson

48 - Shetland

Mate (14006 )

Georgie - Salcombe

Lewis McDonald

23 - Stornoway

Bosun

Tamerlane - Greenock

Leoves Anderson

48 - Sweden

AB & Carpenter

Abbotsford - Glasgow

William Tillet

28 - Liverpool

AB

 Lydia - Maryport

Alex Swift 

47 - Bristol 

AB

Home - Yarmouth, N. S.

 Samuel B. Hickey

27 - Plymouth

AB (48394 with leave)

Forganhall - Greenock

Emil Mossef

21 - Germany

AB

Northern Queen - Bristol

James Ray

21 - Saltcoats

AB

Vigilante

John Brownlee

22 - Saltcoats

AB

Vigilante

George Bladen

25 - Antigua

AB

Mayflower

A. W. Johansson

19 - Sweden

OS

Hindostan - Swedish Ship

George Millar

17 - Dundee

OS

Salacia - Blythe

 
The rates of pay on the voyage from Demerara to London remained the same for crew members who made the voyage from Greenock to Demerara. James Ray, John Brownlee, George Bladen were all paid £3 0s 0d per calendar month for the journey. Ray and Brownlee were each advanced one month’s pay before sailing. Bladen was advanced £2 1s 8d.
On 19th March 1879 ‘Atossa’ was off Portland, Dorset. On 24th March 1879 ‘Atossa’ was in tow off Deal bound for London. On 25th March 1879 ‘Atossa’ arrived off Gravesend, Kent.
The crew were discharged and paid the balance of their wages on 25th March 1879: -
Henry Anderson
Lewis McDonald
William Tillet
Alex Swift
Samuel B. Hickey
Emil Mossef
Leoves Anderson
A. W. Johansson
George Millar
James Ray
John Brownlee
George Bladen
£35 11s 2d
£22 9s 8d
£16 11s 2d
£12 19s 1d
£12 3s 2d
£11 5s 10d
£18 5s 3d
£11 0s 1d
£4 16s 7d
£2 14 7d
£3 15s 1d
£4 6s 4d
George Millar chose to have his wages transferred to Dundee for his collection at the Mercantile Marine Office. He also applied for and was provided with a Ticket Warrant from London to Dundee by boat. George collected his wages in Dundee on 29th March 1879.
On 27th March 1879 Lloyd’s List reported that ‘Atossa’ was at the West India Dock (4 Import berth), London readying for a voyage to Mauritius. Stevens was Master. Blyth, Green & Co. were the Brokers.
By 4th April 1879 ‘Atossa’ was lying in the West India Dry Dock. On 5th April 1879 she had moved to a new berth; ‘1 S Export’ and was still berthed at West India Dock on 26th April 1879.
Prime Minister Henry Addington opened the West India Docks in 1802. The warehouses along West India Quay were built in 1824-25 to the design of architect, George Gwilt, and were used for the storage of raw sugar. The dockside was known as Blood Alley, because the sugar in the sacks, carried by the stevedores, scratched their backs so badly that they bled. In the 1880/90’s the Quay became associated with the general import trade. The West India Docks Import Dock was 875 yards long, 170 yards wide, with a water depth of 23 feet. Nine warehouses, each five storeys high with additional basements and attics stored sugar and coffee. Casks of rum were kept in the basements.
 
The Far Side of the World 1879-1881 > >
 
The Story Begins Absent Crew and Flying Jib 1872-1873 Rio De Janeiro, Barbados & Wilmington
The Construction of Atossa Swansea to Valparaiso and return 1873 James Grevett
The Shipbuilding Thompson Family The 1874 and 1875 Voyages The Caribbean 1889
The Mercantile Navy List 1864 A Change of Master 1876 Grevett as Master
The First Master and Crew New Owner and New Ports 1877 The 1890/1891 Survey
Dover to Valparaiso 1863-1864 Sugar and Onboard Offences The Final Voyage
Peru and Wales Demerara and London 1878-1879 Places Index
Chile and back 1864-1865 The Far Side of the World 1879-1881 Place Connections
Clements becomes Master South Africa and India 1881-1882 Surnames Index
Official Log Entries 1866-1867 The Robinson Family Ships Index
Return to Chile 1867 Ceylon and New York 1882-1883 Map of Chile
Chile Again 1868-1869 Brazil and India 1883-1884 Sources
Swansea to Coquimbo return 1869-1870 Cape Verde and the West Indies 1885  
Chile and New York 1870-1871 October 1885 to October 1886  
South America and Europe 1871 Twenty-One Months Away © atossa.uk 2020
 
 
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