ATOSSA
 
 
The Far Side of the World
 
On 10th May 1879 William Bedford signed Agreement number 70742 as Shipowner and Master of ‘Atossa’ which was to take the ship “from London to Mauritius and any Port or Ports in Australia, India, China, Pacific or Atlantic Oceans, W. Indies and/or America, Voyaging to and from as legal freight may offer, thereof to a Port for orders, and to the Continent of Europe (if reqd.) and back to a final Port of Discharge in The United Kingdom. Voyage not to exceed two years.”
The crew list for the voyage to Mauritius was: -
 

NAME

AGE &
PLACE OF BIRTH

CAPACITY
(Certificate No.)

PREVIOUS SHIP & PORT
AT WHICH REGISTERED

  William Bedford

58 - Staines

Master (75849)

Atossa - Sunderland

Philip Dyer

44 - Plymouth

Mate (87192)

Fair Leader - Plymouth

Olaf Ohlsson

38 - Sweden

Boatswain

Milford – [?]

William Nyborg

51 - London

Carpenter

Asquilla - Liverpool

William Henry

41 - Nassau

Cook & Steward

Benarty - Leith

Charles Allen

29 - New York

AB

[?] - Liverpool

George (X) Burgess

24 - Jamaica

AB

Hibernica - Miramichi

John (X) Washington

29 - Turks Island

AB

Hibernica - Miramichi

Augustus Lambert

27 - Bermuda

AB

C. M. Davis - Montreal

Charles (X) Gunderson

30 - Norway

AB

Sir W. Raleigh - Aberdeen

H. Umland

30 - Hanover

AB

Forest King - Plymouth

Ephraim Whitehead

28 - Sunderland

AB

Peer of the Realm - Newcastle

Charles Brown

24 - London

AB

Warrior - London

 
The crew’s wages were: -
 

CAPACITY

MONTHLY
WAGE

ADVANCE
OF WAGES

MONTHLY
ALLOTMENT

Mate

£6 10s 0d

-

£4 0s 0d

Boatswain

£3 15s 0d

£3 15s 0d

-

Carpenter

£4 10s 0d

£4 10s 0d

-

Cook & Steward

£4 10s 0d

£4 10s 0d

£2 5s 0d

All AB’s except Brown who did not receive any advance of wages.

£2 10s 0d

£2 10s 0d

 

-

 
The “Scale of Provisions to be allowed and served out to the Crew during the Voyage, in addition to the daily issue of Lime and Lemon Juice and Sugar, or other antiscorbutics in any case required by Law” were: -
1lb of bread every day.
1½lbs of beef on Sundays, Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays.
1¼lbs of pork on Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays.
½lb of flour on Sundays, Tuesdays and Thursdays.
¼ pint of peas on Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays.
⅓lb rice on Saturdays.
A daily allowance of ⅛oz of tea.
A daily allowance of ½oz of coffee.
A weekly allowance of 12ozs of sugar.
A daily allowance of 3 quarts of water.
Equivalent at the Masters option.
The Agreement showed that the “Distance in feet and inches between centre of Maximum load line disc and upper edge of line indicating the position of the First Deck above it. 3ft 6ins.”
Ephraim Whitehead did not join the ship.
Augustus Lambert was born in Bermuda in 1854. At the time of the 1891 census he and his wife, Sarah were living at 8 Vigilance Buildings, Osbourne Street, Myton, Kingston upon Hull. 25-year-old Sarah was born in Barnard Castle, Durham.
Lloyd’s List shows that ‘Atossa’ ‘cleared outwards’ from London on 12th May 1879 with Bedford as Master.
On 15th May 1879 ‘Atossa’ was anchored off Deal. On 16th May 1879 ‘Atossa’ passed Dungeness sailing west. On 17th May 1879 ‘Atossa’ passed Beachy Head sailing west.
‘Atossa’ arrived in Mauritius on 24th August 1879. Articles were lodged with the Mercantile Marine Office on 26th August 1879.
Port Louis in Mauritius is described in the ‘Dues and Charges on Shipping at Foreign Ports’ manual as “in lat 20.10 S., long 57.30 E. Distance from Liverpool by the Cape 8,230 miles. The harbour can be entered by vessels drawing 26 feet, and is perfectly sheltered from all winds except from the N. W., which very seldom blow with any force except in a hurricane. Practically all cargo is landed by lighters. Exports – Sugar, rum, molasses, fibre, vanilla, cocoa-nut oil, etc. Imports – Provisions, cotton stuffs, iron, rice, hardware, cutlery, machinery, copper, linens, wine, coals, guano, etc.”
On 13th October 1879 the Superintendent of them Port Louis, Mauritius Mercantile Marine Office endorsed ‘Atossa’s Agreement. It read “I certify that I have sanctioned the discharge of the undermentioned Seamen on the ground of Mutual Consent: their balance of wages has been paid to them in Cash, in my presence and their effects have been delivered to them – viz.
 
Philip Dyer
William Henry
Chs. Gunderson
H. Umland
Chs. Brown
R’s 67.90c His Certificate of Competency returned to him.
R’s 34.00c
R’s 50.00c
R’s 50.00c
R’s 80.75c
 
Further: that the within named George Burgess has been left behind at this port in the Civil Hospital, with my Sanction, on the grounds of inability from sickness (affection of the lungs with a Commencing Phthisis) to proceed on the Voyage as per Medical Certificate produced to me: his balance of wages amounting to R’s 39.37c and his effects have been deposited at this office. Phthisis is now referred to as tuberculosis.
Further: that I have sanctioned the engagement of Louis Antonio, Manuel Alves, Robert Smith, Jose Silva, Isaac James & William Ritchie upon the terms mentioned in the within written Agreement, that I have ascertained and am satisfied that they fully understand the said Agreement and that they have signed the Same in my presence.
This Agreement was deposited at this office on the 26th August last & is this day returned. Mercantile Marine Office 13th October 1879. S. Carson Dy. Superintendent.”
On 16th October 1879 ‘Atossa’ sailed from Mauritius for Bombay.
The crew list for the voyage from Mauritius to Bombay (now Mumbai): -
 

NAME

AGE &
PLACE OF BIRTH

CAPACITY
(Certificate No.)

PREVIOUS SHIP & PORT
AT WHICH REGISTERED

William Bedford

58 - Staines

Master (75849)

Atossa - Sunderland

Isaac James

30 - Sunderland

Mate (4037)

Ellen - Sunderland

Olaf Ohlsson

38 - Sweden

Boatswain

Milford - [?]

William Nyborg

51 - London

Carpenter

Asquilla - Liverpool

William Ritchie

36 - Glasgow

Cook & Steward

Polynesian - Glasgow

Charles Allen

29 - New York

AB

[?] - Liverpool

Manuel Alves

29 - Cape de Verde

AB

Callao - American Ship

John (X) Washington

29 - Turks Island

AB

Hibernica - Miramichi

Augustus Lambert

27 - Bermuda

AB

C. M. Davis - Montreal

Robert (X) Smith

35 - Tortola

AB

Siblas?

Jose (X) Silva

28 - Fayal

AB

XV Marza - Spanish Ship

Louis (X) Antonio

21 - Cape de Verde

AB

Clan Alpine - London

 
The crew’s wages were: -
 

CAPACITY

MONTHLY WAGE

ADVANCE OF WAGES

Mate

£6 0s 0d

-

Boatswain

£3 15s 0d

£3 15s 0d

Carpenter

£4 10s 0d

£4 10s 0d

Cook & Steward

£4 0s 0d

£4 0s 0d

AB:  Allen, Washington, Lambert

£2 10s 0d

£2 10s 0d

AB:  Antonio, Alves, Silva, Smith

£2 15s 0d

£2 15s 0d

 
The supply of provisions for the journey from Mauritius to Bombay remained the same as for the London to Mauritius voyage.
Isaac Frederick James was born in Sunderland on 4th May 1849. His father was David James and his mother, Elizabeth (nee Buchanan). Isaac was baptised at Bishopwearmouth on 25th May 1849. On 21st November 1864 he became an Indentured Apprentice aged 15 years, for a term of five years, to C. S. Moore of Sunderland. He served his apprenticeship on ‘Deerhound’ and continued as an Able-Bodied Seaman on the same ship, being twice engaged between 21st December 1869 and 16th March 1870, and 13th April 1870 and 17th January 1871. On 25th February 1871 Isaac applied for and was granted his Only Mates Certificate of Competency which was numbered 4037. At that time he gave his address as 6 White House Road, Sunderland. At the time of the 1911 census, Isaac was 61-years-old and lodging at 102, Herrington Street, Hendon, Sunderland. He died at the age of 84 years in 1933 in Sunderland.
‘Atossa’ arrived in Bombay on 9th November 1879.
 
Bombay
Bombay 1880
Lala Deen Dayal via Wikimedia Commons
 
Bombay Harbour is described in the ‘Dues and Charges on Shipping at Foreign Ports’ manual as “in lat. 18.57 N., 72.51 E. Distance by sea from Liverpool via Cape of Good Hope 10,525 miles. There is from 23 to 30 feet of water in the port. Exports – Wheat, seeds, cotton, twist and yarn, hides, opium, tea, etc. Imports – Piece goods, iron, machinery, timber, kerosene oil, etc.”
On 19th November 1879 the Shipping Master at the Bombay Shipping Office endorsed ‘Atossa’s Agreement. It read “Certifieth that the Master of the Bk ‘Atossa’ deposited the ships Agreement in this office on 11th November 1879 and it is duly returned to him this day.”
On 22nd November 1879 ‘Atossa’ sailed from Bombay for Balasore, India. William Bedford endorsed ‘Atossa’s Agreement showing that there was “No Consul at Balasore”.
The entrance to the Booraballung River on which Balasore stands is described in the ‘Dues and Charges on Shipping at Foreign Ports’ manual as being “in lat.21.28 N., long 87.3 E. The town is 7 miles from the sea. Population, 21,000. Good anchorage will be found in 3½ to 4 fathoms, about 2 miles seaward of Balasore Road Buoy. Booraballung River has 2 feet on the bar at low water.”
‘Atossa’ had returned to Bombay by 2nd January 1880.
On 14th January 1880 the Shipping Master at the Bombay Shipping Office endorsed ‘Atossa’s Agreement. It read “Certifieth that the Master of the Barque ‘Atossa’ deposited the Ships Agreement in this office on 2nd January 1880 and it is duly returned to him this day.”
‘Atossa’ left Bombay on or soon after 14th January 1880 bound for Mauritius.
The crew and their pay and conditions remained the same as for the voyage from Mauritius to Bombay between 16th October 1879 and 9th November 1879.
On 24th March 1880 ‘Atossa’s Agreement was deposited at the Mercantile Marine Office in Port Louis, Mauritius.
On 25th March 1880 Charles Allen, John Washington, Augustus Lambert, Louis Antonio, Manuel Alves, Robert Smith and Jose Silva were all discharged from the ship by mutual consent. They were each paid the balance of their wages and their effects were delivered to them: -
Charles Allen
John Washington
Augustus Lambert
Louis Antonio
Manuel Alves
Robert Smith
Jose Silva
R’s 165.25c
R’s 149.50c
R’s 156.00c
R’s 113.42c
R’s 72.66c
R’s 105.92c
R’s 110.92c
On 27th March 1880, ‘Atossa’s 51-year-old carpenter William Nyborg died in hospital at Port Louis. Cause of death was given in the Register of Wages and Effects of Deceased Seamen as “Heart disease and Spleen”. Nyborg had £33 15s 8d wages owing to him. This was paid by the Superintendent at Poplar on 24th November 1880 to “Friends”. Nyborg’s tools were kept by the Master.
Possibly the same William Nyborg had featured in the New South Wales Police Gazette in 1854. Under the heading “Description of Seamen Deserters from Vessels in the Bay” was the entry, “Wm. Nyborg, carpenter, ‘Lady Elizabeth’, 4th May, 1854, 23 years of age, 5 feet 5 inches high, native place, Norway, sallow complexion, dark hair, speaks with a foreign accent.”
On 30th March 1880 Isaac James, Olaf Ohlsson and William Ritchie were discharged by mutual consent and paid the balance of their wages and their effects were delivered to them: -

Isaac James
Olaf Ohlsson
William Ritchie

R’s 287.50c His Certificate of Competency returned to him.
R’s 337.80c
R’s 165.92c

On 12th April 1880 William Bedford began engaging a new crew: -
 

NAME

AGE &
PLACE OF BIRTH

CAPACITY
(Certificate No.)

PREVIOUS SHIP & PORT
AT WHICH REGISTERED

William Bedford

58 - Staines

Master (75849)

Atossa - Sunderland

Samuel Irwin

42 - Liverpool

Mate (89278)

Somerville - London

Alfred Charles Howett

33 - Kent

Bosun

Randolph - Arbroath

Charles Newman

38 - Germany

Cook & Steward

Stafford - Liverpool

Alfred (X) Ranger

23 - Chatham

AB

City of Manchester - Glasgow

George (X) Cardinus

23 - Greece

AB

City of Manchester - Glasgow

Thomas Studholm

20 - Liverpool

AB

City of Manchester - Glasgow

Alfred Bender

23 - London

AB

City of Manchester - Glasgow

John Shields

26 - Dublin

AB

City of Manchester - Glasgow

Christian Tracie

24 - Bremen

AB

Dutch Ship

William Wyatt

21 - London

AB

Liba - London

Thomas McDade

18 - Greenock

OS

Rosedale - Glasgow

Bertin Le Fevre

16 - Mauritius

Boy

First Ship

 
The “Scale of Provisions to be allowed and served out to the Crew during the Voyage, in addition to the daily issue of Lime and Lemon Juice and Sugar, or other antiscorbutics in any case required by Law” remained as: -
 
1lb of bread every day.
1½lbs of beef on Sundays, Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays.
1¼lbs of pork on Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays.
½lb of flour on Sundays, Tuesdays and Thursdays.
¼ pint of peas on Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays.
⅓lb rice on Saturdays.
A daily allowance of ⅛oz of tea.
A daily allowance of ½oz of coffee.
A weekly allowance of 12ozs of sugar.
A daily allowance of 3 quarts of water.
Equivalent at the Masters option.
 
Samuel Irwin, the Mate was paid £7 0s 0d per calendar month and was advanced one month’s money before sailing. The Cook/Steward, Charles Newman was paid £4 10s 0d per calendar month with no advance of wages.
Edward Bennett, born in Chester, Cheshire in 1854, and Martin Jacobsen, 26-years-old and from Norway both signed on in the rank of Able-Seaman on 12th April 1880. Bennett who had previously served on ‘Lois’ of Aberystwyth failed to join ‘Atossa’. Jacobsen’s previous ship was the Dutch vessel ‘Admiral du Ruyter’ died later on the same day, 12th April 1880. Cause of death was given as “D. T.”
Delirium Tremens is the rapid onset of confusion usually caused by withdrawal from alcohol. Symptoms may include shaking, shivering, sweating and an irregular heart rate. Occasionally, high body temperature or seizures may result in death.
Samuel Irwin was born on 14th January 1837 in Liverpool and baptised on 9th February 1837 at St. Peter’s Church of England Church, Liverpool. His parents were Archibald and Margaret Irwin. He went to sea at the age of 22 years and served on fourteen ships between 27th August 1859 and 15th October 1868: -
 

SHIP, OFFICIAL NUMBER
& PORT

RANK

FROM

TO

 Crimean - Liverpool

AB
AB

27th August 1859
3rd November 1859

21st October 1859
2nd January 1860

 Venetian - Liverpool

AB

8th January 1860

23rd March 1860

 Pudyona (17790) - Lancaster

OS
AB

2nd April 1860
30th July 1860

18th July 1860
11th December 1860

Meander - Liverpool

OS

20th January 1861

20th March 1861

Avon – Windsor, Nova Scotia

AB

28th March 1861

5th August 1861

Sunshine (12750) - Rye

OS

10th August 1861

6th December 1861

Johnstone (24234) - Liverpool

AB

22nd December 1861

15th February 1862

Falcu (44639) - Liverpool

AB

28th July 1862

15th October 1862

Dayspring (15870) - Liverpool

AB

15th October 1862

4th May 1863

Cossack (27507) - Hull

AB
AB
AB

5th June 1863
31st August 1863
21st March 1864

16th August 1863
7th March 1864
18th April 1864

New York Packet (24244) - Lancaster

AB

4th August 1864

29th October 1864

Arabian (44668) - Liverpool

AB
OS
AB
AB

13th November 1864
15th February 1865
30th June 1865
31st August 1865

7th February 1865
15th April 1865
18th August 1865
23rd October 1865

Lebanon (41213) – N. Shields

OS

29th March 1866

5th October 1866

 Egyptian (42628) - Liverpool

Bosun
Bosun
Bosun

12th October 1866
22nd December 1866
28th February 1867

10th December 1866
19th February 1867
27th April 1867

Arabian (44668) - Liverpool

Bosun
Bosun
Bosun
Bosun
Bosun
Bosun

22nd June 1867
17th October 1867
8th February 1868
18th April 1868
27th June 1868
15th August 1868

16th August 1867
7th December 1867
4th April 1868
8th June 1868
4th August 1868
15th October 1868

 
On 12th December 1868 Samuel was issued with his Second Mates Certificate of Competency. His address at that time was 6 Alcock Buildings, Morley Street, Kirkdale, Liverpool. Between 12th January 1870 and 27th August 1871 Samuel Irwin served on a further three ships: -
 

SHIP, OFFICIAL NUMBER & PORT

RANK

FROM

TO

First of May - Liverpool

2nd Mate

12th January 1870

6th July 1870

 Julia - Liverpool

2nd Mate

13th August 1870

16th December 1870

Chieftain - Lancaster

2nd Mate

3rd April 1871

 27th October 1871

 
Between 27th March 1875 and 21st August 1875 he served as Bosun on ‘Victoria’ of Windsor, Nova Scotia. On 29th November 1875 he was granted his Only Mates Certificate of Competency which was numbered 89278. His address at that time was 19 Boundary Street, Liverpool. He held a Royal Navy Reserve Volunteers Certificate numbered 39930.
On 16th April 1880 George Burgess who had been left behind in Port Louis in October 1879, died in hospital at Port Louis. He was 24 years old. Cause of death was dropsy, heart and kidney disease. Dropsy is an old term for the swelling of soft tissues due to the accumulation of excess water.
On 18th April 1880 ‘Atossa’ sailed from Mauritius for Melbourne, Australia.
On 3rd June 1880 ‘Atossa’ arrived off Port Phillip Heads, Victoria, Australia.
Port Phillip Heads is a dangerous stretch of water connecting Port Phillip and the Bass Strait. It is the only entrance for shipping into Melbourne. With a rocky seabed and the large tidal flows through the relatively narrow channel the area has claimed many ships.
‘Atossa’ arrived in Melbourne on 4th June 1880 from Port Louis, Mauritius. The agent for this passage was the Victoria Sugar Company.
 
Melbourne
Melbourne
Attributed to Charles Nettleton via Wikimedia Commons
 
The ‘Dues and Charges on Shipping at Foreign Ports’ manual describes “Melbourne on the River Yarra-Yarra, which falls into Hobson’s Bay, at the head of Port Phillip, is in lat. 37.49.5 S., long. 144.58.35 E. Distance from Liverpool by the Cape, 11,555 miles.”
The Age newspaper of Melbourne, Victoria reported on 5th June 1880 that “The bq. ‘Atossa’ from Mauritius the 18th of April, had some very bad weather to contend against while running down the easting. During it the boat was stove, a considerable portion of the bulwarks washed away, and the decks were continuously under water, with the exception of for a few days immediately after leaving. On the 29th of April one of the seamen named Martin Jacobson, a Norwegian, died after ten days illness. The ‘Atossa’ left on 18th of April, and had light winds and calms for the first few days, then strong S. W. Winds and a heavy cross sea until the 23rd. Light winds again set in, and after a couple of days were followed by S.E. and southerly gales until the 7th of May in 37° 35’ south and 76° 56’ east. On the 10th, in 37° 42’ south and 87° east, a very heavy W. N. W. gale commenced, and lasted forty-eight hours, and since then tempestuous winds and weather prevailed to arrival.”
On 5th June 1880 Alfred Charles Howett, Alfred Ranger, George Cardinus, Thomas Studholm, Alfred Bender, John Shields, Charles Tracie, Thomas McDade and William Wyatt were discharged from ‘Atossa’ in Melbourne.
On 2nd July 1880 Samuel Irwin was discharged from ‘Atossa’. He was paid £9 6s 0d which was the balance of his wages.
It was reported in Lloyd’s List that on 10th June 1880 that, “’Atossa’ barque, from Mauritius, during heavy weather had her main hatch stove in, and her long boat, which was on the main hatch, was broken to pieces.” 
On 23rd July 1880 ‘Atossa’s Agreement was endorsed by the Superintendent of the Mercantile Marine Office, Melbourne. It read “Vessel arrived 3rd. Articles deposited 4/6/80. Articles returned this day. I hereby certify that I have sanctioned the engagement of Geo. Connor, Andrew Lawden, Wm. Inglis, Matthew Sweeny, Jas. Jameson, Jas. Baillie, Jas. Jameson (sic), Geo. McDonald, Joseph Elsdon, H. Weatherby and W. A. Lund upon the terms mentioned in the within written agreement, that I am satisfied that they fully understand the said agreement and that they have signed the same in this office.
Also, that the within named A. C. Howett (-I-), A. Ranger (-I-), Geo Cardinus (-I-), Thos Studholm (-I-), Alfred Bender (-I-), John Shields (-I-), Chs Tracie (-I-), Thos McDade (-I-), Saml Irwin (£9 6s 0d), W Wyatt (-I-), have been discharged with my sanction, that the wages due them mentioned after their names have been paid to them in my presence.
Also that the within named B. Le Fevre has been left behind at this Port on the alleged grounds of  his having deserted, that a proper entry of such desertion in the Official Log Book has been produced to me.
Also that the Master has reported the death of the within named Martin Jakobsen and that he has retained the effects.”
The crew list for the voyage from Melbourne to Rouen, France was: -
 

NAME

AGE &
PLACE OF BIRTH

CAPACITY
(Certificate No.)

PREVIOUS SHIP & PORT
AT WHICH REGISTERED

William Bedford

58 - Staines

Master (75849)

Atossa - Sunderland

George Connor

32 - Aberdeen

Mate (C11067)

Martha

Joseph Elsdon

41 - Sunderland

Carpenter

Lanoma

Charles Newman

38 - Germany

 Cook & Steward

Stafford - Liverpool

Andrew Lawden

36 - Aberdeen

AB

Brenda

William Inglis

43 - Glasgow

AB

Commonwealth

Matthew Sweeney

39 - Dublin

AB

Oamaru

James Jameson

28 - Liverpool

AB

Granite Slate - American Ship

James Baillie

26 - Dundee

AB

Thessalus

James (X) Jamieson

24 - Glasgow

AB

Granite Slate - American Ship

W. A. Lund

24 - Copenhagen

AB

Sir Walter Raleigh

H. Weatherby

19 - London

OS

Hampshire

George McDonald

20 - London

OS

Hampshire

 
The “Scale of Provisions to be allowed and served out to the Crew during the Voyage, in addition to the daily issue of Lime and Lemon Juice and Sugar, or other antiscorbutics in any case required by Law” remained as: -
1lb of bread every day.
1½lbs of beef on Sundays, Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays.
1¼lbs of pork on Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays.
½lb of flour on Sundays, Tuesdays and Thursdays.
¼ pint of peas on Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays.
⅓lb rice on Saturdays.
A daily allowance of ⅛oz of tea.
A daily allowance of ½oz of coffee.
A weekly allowance of 12ozs of sugar.
A daily allowance of 3 quarts of water.
Equivalent at the Masters option.
Rates of pay were: -
 

CAPACITY

MONTHLY WAGE

ADVANCE OF WAGES

Mate

£7 0s 0d

£7 0s 0d

Carpenter

£5 10s 0d

£5 10s 0d

Cook & Steward

£4 10s 0d

-

AB

£4 0s 0d

£4 0s 0d

OS

£2 10s 0d

£2 10s 0d

 
On 26th July 1880 ‘Atossa’ cleared Melbourne bound for the United Kingdom.
The Age newspaper reported on 27th July 1880 that “’Atossa’ was towed off from Sandridge Town Pier yesterday to an anchorage in the Bay, whence she proceeds to a port in the United Kingdom.”
The Leader newspaper of Melbourne reported that ‘Atossa’ was carrying 5,848 bags of flour.
The Argus newspaper of Melbourne reported on 28th July 1880 that, “The barque ‘Atossa’, for England, was towed from the bay to the Heads yesterday by the steamer ‘Resolute’.
The Age newspaper reported that it was the ‘Albatross’ that had towed ‘Atossa’.
The Express and Telegraph newspaper of Adelaide also reported that ‘Atossa’ sailed from Melbourne on 27th July 1880.
‘Atossa’ arrived off Plymouth on 16th November 1880. Waiting for orders.
On 24th November1880 ‘Atossa’ arrived in Harve from Middlesbrough, en route to Rouen.
On 26th November 1880 ‘Atossa’ passed Quillebeuf, France bound for Rouen.
 
River Seine
River Seine – English Channel to Rouen
 
The British Vice-Consul at Rouen stamped ‘Atossa’s Agreement recording that the ship arrived there on 27th November 1880.
The ‘Dues and Charges on Shipping at Foreign Ports’ manual described Quillebeuf and Rouen: -
“Quillebeuf, during spring tides vessels drawing 24 feet can ascend as far as this port. All vessels are bound to take a pilot off Harve or Honfleur, as the navigation of the Seine is at all times difficult, and the banks and shoals continually changing. Exports – Potatoes. Imports – Coals.”
“Rouen is situated on the river Seine, at about 56 miles from the sea. At spring tides vessels drawing 20 to 24 feet can safely come up. Exports – Gypsum, flour, wines, burr stones, sugar, ochre, etc. Imports – All kinds of grain, dari, manganese, sulphur ore, lead, wool, oil, cotton, rice, coffee, logwood, coal, pig-iron, deals, timber, etc.”
William Bedford endorsed the Agreement on 28th November 1880 showing that the voyage terminated that day in Rouen, France.
On 29th November 1880 ‘Atossa’s Carpenter and all Able-Bodied and Ordinary Seamen except Andrew Lawden were discharged from the ship by mutual consent. They were each paid the balance of their wages: -
 
Joseph Elsdon
William Inglis
Matthew Sweeney
James Jameson
James Baillie
James Jamieson
W. A. Lund
H. Weatherby
George McDonald
£15 17s 0d
£12 8s 10d
£11 2s 0d
£11 2s 0d
£10 16s 8d
£10 16s 8d
£12 3s 4d
£6 18s 0d
£6 9s 8d
 
On 1st December 1880 the Vice-Consul endorsed the Agreement “I hereby certify that the within named Charles Newman, Geo. Connor, Andrew Lawden, Wm. Inglis, Math. Sweeney, James Jameson, James Baillie, James Jamieson, Geo. McDonald, Jos. Elsdon, H. Weatherby, W. A. Lund have been discharged with my consent. That I have examined their accounts and found them correct and the balance due to them has been paid to them in my presence.”
On 8th December 1880 Mate, George Connor, Cook & Steward, Charles Newman and AB, Andrew Lawden were discharged from ‘Atossa’. They were each paid the balance of their wages: -

George Connor
Charles Newman
Andrew Lawden

£20 3s 6d
£35 3s 0d
£12 8s 10d

Agreement number 92018 completed on a ‘Half-Yearly Agreement and Account of Voyages and Crew of a Ship Engaged in the Home Trade Only’ form endorsed “To Proceed on a Foreign Voyage” was signed by William Bedford in Rouen, France on 18th January 1881.
Bedford gave his address as 3 Grace Street, Sunderland.
The Agreement covered a transfer “from Rouen to the Tyne”.
It showed that that the “Distance in feet and inches between centre of Maximum load line disc and upper edge of line indicating the position of the First Deck above it. 3ft 6ins.”
On 20th December 1880, H. Philips, Proconsul at the British Vice Consulate in Rouen endorsed ‘Atossa’s Agreement “I hereby certify that I have sanctioned the engagement of John Morgan, W. Davis, Charles Francis, James Johnson, John Johnson, Johan Roue, O. Pobetto, John McCarthy, Ant. Capacio, Luigi Antonio, Joseph Soye upon the terms mentioned in the within written agreement. That I have ascertained and am satisfied that they fully understand the said agreement and signed the same in my presence”.
The crew list for the voyage from Rouen to the River Tyne at South Shields was: -
 

NAME

AGE &
PLACE OF BIRTH

CAPACITY
(Certificate No.)

DATE SIGNED ON

PREVIOUS SHIP

William Bedford

58 - Staines

Master (75849)

9th January 1881

Atossa - Sunderland

John Morgan

24 - Belfast

Bosun

13th January 1881

 Alva

Joseph Soye

22 - Belfast

Cook & Steward

21st January 1881

 Contest

W. Davis

26 - England

AB

13th January 1881

Harry Bailey

 Charles Francis

22 - Kingston

AB

17th January 1881

Anne Austin

James Johnson

25 - Nassau

AB

17th January 1881

Mayflower

John Johnson

28 - Norway

AB

21st January 1881

Foreign

Johan Roue

23 - Norway

AB

21st January 1881

Foreign

Oleqarier? Pobetto

23 - Chile

AB

21st January 1881

Foreign

John MacCarthy

28 - Belfast

AB

21st January 1881

Foreign

Antonio (X) Capacio

24 - Italy

AB

21st January 1881

Foreign

Luigi (X) Antonio

19 - Italy

AB

21st January 1881

Foreign

 
Rates of pay were: -
 

CAPACITY

WAGE FOR THE VOYAGE

ADVANCE OFWAGES

Bosun

£6 0s 0d

£5 0s 0d

Cook & Steward

£3 0s 0d

£2 10s 0d

AB: Davis, Francis, James Johnson

£2 10s 0d

£2 0s 0d

All other AB

£2 10s 0d

£2 10s 0d

 
The “Scale of Provisions to be allowed and served out to the Crew during the Voyage” read: -
 
1lb of bread every day.
1½lbs of beef on Sundays, Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays.
1¼lbs of pork on Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays.
½lb of flour on Sundays, Tuesdays and Thursdays.
¼ pint of peas on Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays.
⅓lb rice on Saturdays.
A daily allowance of ⅛oz of tea.
A daily allowance of ½oz of coffee.
A weekly allowance of 12ozs of sugar.
A daily allowance of 3 quarts of water.
Equivalent at the Masters option.
 
On 23rd December 1880 ‘Atossa’ was reported to be passing through the roads at Harve.
On 2nd January 1881 ‘Atossa’ arrived at Shields from Rouen.
All crew members were discharged in South Shields on 2nd January 1881. Each man was judged by the Master to have been “Very Good” in their general conduct and ability in seamanship.
On 15th January 1881 Lloyd’s List recorded that ‘Atossa’ arrived at Sunderland from Shields.
On Thursday 20th January 1881 the Shields Daily Gazette newspaper reported that, “The brig ‘Atossa’, Bedford, of Sunderland, arrived in the Tyne this morning. The captain reports that a man named John Nyburg took ill and died in the hospital at Mauritius. Another seaman, named Martin Jacobson, died of delirium tremens on the passage from Mauritius to Melbourne.”
The ‘Register of Accounts of Wages and Effects of Deceased Seamen, &c., received and disposed of’ recorded that 26-year-old Martin Jacobson A.B. died of “Del. Trem.” On 28th April 1880 whilst the ship was at sea. Both the Master of ‘Atossa’ and the Port Superintendent at South Shields noted that there were no wages or effects to be dealt with.
Published in 1881, the Annual Report for 1880 by the Australian Government’s Health Officer, Mr. D. J. Williams, M.D., F.R.C.S. Lond. included a reference to the death of Martin Jacobson. It gave the cause of death as “Inflammation of the bowels”. The report mentioned that the crew numbered fourteen and that the voyage from Mauritius to Melbourne had taken 45 days.
 
South Africa and India 1881-1882 > >
 
The Story Begins Absent Crew and Flying Jib 1872-1873 Rio De Janeiro, Barbados & Wilmington
The Construction of Atossa Swansea to Valparaiso and return 1873 James Grevett
The Shipbuilding Thompson Family The 1874 and 1875 Voyages The Caribbean 1889
The Mercantile Navy List 1864 A Change of Master 1876 Grevett as Master
The First Master and Crew New Owner and New Ports 1877 The 1890/1891 Survey
Dover to Valparaiso 1863-1864 Sugar and Onboard Offences The Final Voyage
Peru and Wales Demerara and London 1878-1879 Places Index
Chile and back 1864-1865 The Far Side of the World 1879-1881 Place Connections
Clements becomes Master South Africa and India 1881-1882 Surnames Index
Official Log Entries 1866-1867 The Robinson Family Ships Index
Return to Chile 1867 Ceylon and New York 1882-1883 Map of Chile
Chile Again 1868-1869 Brazil and India 1883-1884 Sources
Swansea to Coquimbo return 1869-1870 Cape Verde and the West Indies 1885  
Chile and New York 1870-1871 October 1885 to October 1886  
South America and Europe 1871 Twenty-One Months Away © atossa.uk 2020
 
 
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