ATOSSA
 
 
South Africa and India 1881-1882
 
On 15th January 1881 ‘Atossa’ had transferred from South Shields to Sunderland.
On Saturday 12th March 1881 The Sunderland Daily Echo and Shipping Gazette reported, “’Atossa’, 466, for Algoa Bay, lying in South Dock, J. Green & Co.” 
On 17th March 1881 William Bedford engaged William Pick as Master of ‘Atossa’ for a voyage “from Sunderland for a period not to exceed two years to Algoa Bay and/or any other ports as Employment may require including calling for Orders, proceeding to the Continent and/or to a final port of discharge in the United Kingdom. The Employment shall not extend to ports beyond the parallels of 73° Lat So and 60° Lat South”. The Agreement was numbered 105903.
All crew members were signed on, on 17th March 1881. They were: -
 

NAME

YEAR & PLACE
OF BIRTH

CAPACITY
(Certificate No.)

PREVIOUS SHIP

  William Pick

1833
Kirton

Master
(09029)

Flying Scud (47675)
Sunderland

James Mills

1840
Newcastle

Mate
(81557)

George Watson
Sunderland

Thomas J Cummings

1858
Sunderland

2nd Mate
(06772)

Lizzie English
Hartlepool

William (X) Lake

1838
Lynn

Cook &
Steward

Prince of Wales
Sunderland

William Freeman

1830
Sunderland

Carpenter & AB

Excellent
Sunderland

Charles Wood

1833
Ipswich

AB

Cumbrian
Sunderland

John Gibb

1847
Dundee

AB

Propitious
Sunderland

A. Larsen

1828
Copenhagen, Denmark

AB

Golden Plover
Sunderland

Edwin Stones

1850
London

AB  (62839)
Leave with liability

Rhoda
Middlesbrough

James Sinclair

1830
Berwick

AB

George Watson
Sunderland

G. H. Scott

1855
Sunderland

AB

Archibald Fuller
Liverpool

John Regan

1858
Queenstown

AB

Helen Richards
Sunderland

 
Rates of pay were: -
 

RANK

WAGES PER CALENDAR MONTH

ADVANCE
OF WAGES

MONTHLY
ALLOTMENT

Mate

£6 0s 0d

-

£3 0s 0d

2nd Mate

£3 10s 0d

£3 10s 0d

-

 Carpenter

£5 0s 0d

£3 10s 0d

£2 10s 0d

Cook & Steward

£3 10s 0d

£2 10s 0d

-

AB

£2 10s 0d

£2 10s 0d

-

 
The “Scale of Provisions to be allowed and served out to the Crew during the Voyage, in addition to the daily issue of Lime and Lemon Juice and Sugar, or other antiscorbutics in any case required by Law” remained as: -
1lb of bread every day.
1½lbs of beef on Sundays, Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays.
1¼lbs of pork on Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays.
½lb of flour on Sundays, Tuesdays and Thursdays.
⅓ pint of peas on Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays.
⅓lb rice on Saturdays.
A daily allowance of ⅛oz of tea.
A daily allowance of ½oz of coffee.
A daily allowance of 2ozs of sugar.
A daily allowance of 3 quarts of water.
Substitutes at the Masters option.
No spirits allowed.
William Pick was born in Kirton near Boston, Lincolnshire on 23rd March 1833 and baptised there on 16th November 1833. His parents were John and Mary Pick. John was a Farmer.
William served a three year Indentured Apprenticeship to Robert Elwin which began on 25th May 1852 at Sunderland. He served on ‘Hippogriff’ of Sunderland throughout his apprenticeship and continued as an Able-Bodied Seaman on the same ship between 25th May 1855 and 5th September 1855.
From 25th September 1855 to 24th July 1856 he served as an Able-Bodied Seaman on ‘Clown’ of Sunderland, and ‘Prince of Wales’ of London from 6th September 1856 to 13th July 1857. On 8th September 1857 he was engaged as 2nd Mate on ‘Kohinoor’ (Official Number 16980) of Whitby until 3rd September 1858.
He had been granted his Second Mate Certificate of Competency numbered 17318, on 26th August 1857. At that time he gave his address as 3 West Street, West India Dock Road, Limehouse, London.
His First Mate Certificate was issued on 15th September 1858 and he served as Mate on ‘Lewes’ of Newhaven between 27th October 1858 and 8th March 1860, and on ‘Indian Chief’ of Sunderland from 1st May 1860 to 13th October 1860, and again from 3rd November 1860 until 4th August 1861.
William Pick’s Master’s Certificate was issued on 10th October 1861.
Also in 1861 he married Ann Good who was born in Sunderland in 1835.
In 1891 William and Ann, were living at 31 Clementine Street, Bishopwearmouth, Sunderland with their children; John James aged 28 years, 21-year-old Annie Isabella, and William Albert aged 19 years who gave his occupation as Mariner. All three were born in Sunderland.
At the time of the 1901 census, 68-year-old William Pick and his wife, Ann were living at 43 Trinity Green Almshouses, Mile End, London. They were still resident there in 1911. William died in 1916.
The Trinity Green Almshouses, Mile End Road, London were built in 1695 by the Corporation of Trinity House to provide housing for "28 decay’d Masters & Commanders of Ships or ye Widows of such". The land was given to the Corporation by Captain Henry Mudd of Ratcliffe."
James Mills was born on 12th March 1840 in Newcastle. He went to sea at the age of 19 years as an Ordinary Seaman, serving on ‘Pulla’ of Sunderland between November 1859 and October 1860. James then became an Indentured Apprentice for a period of two years from October 1860 until October 1862.
He served on: -
 

SHIP, OFFICIAL NUMBER & PORT

RANK

FROM

TO

Maria & Elizabeth - Sunderland

Apprentice

October 1860

October 1862

Maria & Elizabeth - Sunderland

AB

October 1862

December 1862

Maria & Elizabeth - Sunderland

AB

January 1863

February 1863

Reniswell? - Sunderland

AB

March 1863

September 1863

Queen of the Netherlands - Sunderland

Bosun

October 1863

November 1863

Flavio Giova – North Shields

AB

April 1864

October 1864

 Volunteer - Sunderland

Bosun

March 1865

November 1865

 
On 26th December 1865 James was granted his Only Mate Certificate of Competency numbered 81557. He gave his address as 35 Wear Street, Sunderland.
After gaining his Only Mate certificate he served on: -
 

SHIP, OFFICIAL NUMBER & PORT

RANK

FROM

TO

Sunderland - Sunderland

Mate

20th February 1866

4th August 1866

Robert & Mary - Sunderland

Mate

21st August 1866

21st November 1866

Cognac - Sunderland

Mate

4th February 1867

29th October 1867

Clarissa - Arbroath

Mate

13th April 1868

22nd October 1868

Caspian - Sunderland

Mate

9th March 1869

11th September 1869

Sparkle - Sunderland

Mate

28th September 1869

15th March 1870

 
On 19th May 1870 James Mills was granted his Master’s Certificate of Competency. He disclosed that he held a Royal Naval Volunteer’s Certificate numbered 19071.
Thomas John Cummings was born in Sunderland on 24th July 1858. His parents were John and Agnes Cummings. John was a Ship Carpenter. At the time of the 1861 census, they lived at 40 East Street, Bishopwearmouth along with John and Agnes’ other children; Robert Pounder Cummings aged 4 years who was blind from birth, and 8-months-old Agnes Cummings.
On 26th March 1873 Thomas Cummings began his life at sea. He served on: -
 

SHIP, OFFICAL NUMBER
& PORT OF REGISTRY

RANK

FROM

TO

Arthur (1366) - Aberdeen

OS

26th March 1873

3rd August 1873

Gazelle (47641) - Sunderland

OS

14th August 1873

26th November 1873

Chagford (62531) - Sunderland

OS

3rd December 1873

12th August 1874

Chagford (62531) - Sunderland

OS

12th August 1874

24th August 1874

Chagford (62531) - Sunderland

OS

31st August 1874

17th April 1875

Aldersons (53090) - Sunderland

OS

5th May 1875

24th September 1875

Atwood (71450) - Folkestone

AB

8th November 1875

17th December 1875

Emma (53089) - Sunderland

OS

20th January 1876

8th April 1876

Victoria (5370) - Sunderland

OS

13th April 1876

21st July 1876

Hendon (54860) - Sunderland

AB

7th August 1876

28th March 1877

John Ritsone (865) - Sunderland

AB

19th April 1877

26th July 1877

Bilbow Queen (10553) - Sunderland

AB

21st August 1877

3rd December 1877

Marian King (59376) – St Andrews, N.B.

AB

22nd December 1877

7th April 1879

 
On 3rd June 1879 Thomas was granted his Only Mate Certificate of Competency which was numbered 06672. His address at that time was 3 Glebe Cleft Villas, Sunderland.
From 1st July 1879 until the date he joined ‘Atossa’ he served on: -
 

SHIP, OFFICAL NUMBER
& PORT OF REGISTRY

RANK

FROM

TO

Queen of the Isles - Lynn

O.M.

1st July 1879

1st July 1879

Cumbrian (81309) - Liverpool

AB

22nd October 1879

20th September 1880

Lizzie English (81512) – West Hartlepool

AB

10th December 1880

7th March 1881

 
On 6th June 1884 Thomas gained his First Mate certificate and was granted his Masters certificate on 12th February 1886. At the time of issue of both certificates he gave his address as 3 Chester Terrace, Sunderland.
On 19th March 1881 ‘Atossa’ sailed from the Wear for Algoa Bay, South Africa.
The Sunderland Daily Echo and Shipping Gazette dated Tuesday 21st June 1881 reported, “The Barque ‘Atossa’, Capt. Pick, arrived at Algoa Bay [Port Elizabeth] yesterday”.
The ‘Dues and Charges on Shipping at Foreign Ports’ manual described Port Elizabeth in Algoa Bay as “in lat. 33.57 S., long 25.37 E.  Distance by sea from Liverpool 6,270 miles. Inner anchorage in 6 fathoms water; outer anchorage for large vessels is 8 fathoms. From October to April, gales from the E. and S. E. frequently occur. Exports – Wool, skins, hides, Angora hair, cotton, linseed, diamonds, horns, ivory, feathers, aloes.”
 
Port Elizabeth, Algoa Bay
 
Lloyd’s List recorded, “Port Elizabeth, July 1st. ‘Atossa’ from Cardiff, sustained some damage on the passage, one of her boats was carried away, and some bulwarks and stanchions stove. The repairs will cost about 200l”.
William Shield, in his 1887 paper entitled “Harbour Works in Algoa Bay, Cape Colony” describes the area; “Algoa Bay, on the south coast of Africa, is the principle harbour of the eastern province of the Cape Colony, possessing a partially sheltered anchorage and good holding ground. The harbour works which have been carried out there, from time to time, for improving the access to Port Elizabeth, which is situated in a bight formed by Cape Recife, at the western side of the bay, furnish an example of failure and remedial works on a sandy coast. Port Elizabeth is the principal commercial port of the Cape Colony, its exports and imports for the thirteen years ending with 1882 were £35,201,718 and £ 33,349,661 respectively, as compared with £42,539,259 and £14,585,164, for all the other ports; and the tonnage of the vessels entering and leaving the port increased from 86,784 tons and 83, 617 tons respectively, in 1864, to 825,157 tons and 838,241 tons in 1882.” 
On 19th July 1881 the Shipping Master at Port Elizabeth, Cape of Good Hope endorsed ‘Atossa’s Agreement “I certify that the Desertion of G. H. Scott at this place on 5th Inst. Has been reported to me by the Master of the within named vessel.
And that I have sanctioned the Engagement of Charles Ezaket upon the terms of this Agreement, that he fully understands the said Agreement and has signed the same in my presence.
Also that this Agreement was deposited at this office on the arrival of the ‘Atossa’ at this port and is now returned to the Master.”
On 20th July 1881 the Port Elizabeth Shipping Master added to the Agreement “I certify that I have sanctioned the discharge of John Regan on the grounds of being left in prison, that a settlement of his wages has been made and that he was discharged in my presence.
And that I have sanctioned the Engagement of John Fry upon the terms of this Agreement, that he fully understands the said Agreement and has signed the same in my presence.”
On 21st July 1881 the Shipping Master at Port Elizabeth made a further endorsement to the Agreement “I further certify that I have sanctioned the Engagement of Peter Johnsson upon the terms of this Agreement, that he fully understand the said Agreement and has signed the same in my presence.”
The crew list for the voyage from Port Elizabeth to Madras, India was: -
 

NAME

YEAR & PLACE
OF BIRTH

CAPACITY
(Certificate No.)

PREVIOUS SHIP

  William Pick

1833
Kirton

Master
(09029)

Flying Scud (47675)
Sunderland

James Mills

1840
Newcastle

Mate
(81557)

George Watson
Sunderland

Thomas J Cummings

1858
Sunderland

2nd Mate
(06772)

Lizzie English
Hartlepool

William (X) Lake

1838
Lynn

Cook &
Steward

Prince of Wales
Sunderland

William Freeman

1830
Sunderland

Carpenter & AB

Excellent
Sunderland

Charles Wood

1833
Ipswich

AB

Cumbrian
Sunderland

John Gibb

1847
Dundee

AB

Propitious
Sunderland

A. Larsen

1828
Copenhagen, Denmark

AB

Golden Plover
Sunderland

Edwin Stones

1850
London

AB  (62839)
Leave with liability

Rhoda
Middlesbrough

James Sinclair

1830
Berwick

AB

George Watson
Sunderland

John Fry

1858
Prussia

AB

Portland
London

Peter Johnsson

1849
Sweden

AB

German Vessel

 
35-year-old John Ezaket from Germany did not join ‘Atossa’.
John Fry and Peter Johnsson were both paid £3 0s 0d per calendar month and were advanced £3 0s 0d at the time of signing on. All other crew members continued at the rate at which they had agreed in Sunderland.
On 22nd July 1881 ‘Atossa’ sailed from Port Elizabeth, Algoa Bay, South Africa.
Lloyd’s List reported on 9th August 1881 that ‘Atossa’ had completed her repairs in Port Elizabeth and had since sailed.
On 27th August 1881 ‘Atossa’ arrived at Madras, India from Algoa Bay. Lloyd’s List showed the Master as Pick.
Madras is now known as Chennai.
The ‘Dues and Charges on Shipping at Foreign Ports’ manual described Madras as “the capital of Southern India. It is in lat. 13.5.11 N., long. 80.17 E. Its distance from Liverpool by the Cape is 10,760 miles.  Exports – Cotton, oil seeds, jaggery, coffee, indigo, rice, hides and skins, cardamoms, senna, pepper, redwood, horns and drugs. Imports – Twists, piece goods, hardware, apparel, provisions, corals, wines and spirits, metals, silk, glass, books, railway materials, timber, firewood, coals and horses.”
On 31st August 1881 ‘Atossa’ arrived in Gopaulpore [now known as Gopalpur], India.
Gopaulpore was described by the ‘Dues and Charges on Shipping at Foreign Ports’ manual as “in lat. 19.15 N., long 84.54 E. an open roadstead. There is good holding ground, sand and mud, in 9 fathoms. Exports – Rice, sugar, hides, seeds, turmeric, horns, wheat, pulse, timber and hemp.”
On 30th September 1881 the Superintendent of the Mercantile Marine Office in Gopaulpore endorsed ‘Atossa’s Agreement “These Articles were deposited in the Custom House on the arrival of the ship at this port and are returned to the Commander this day.”
‘Atossa’ sailed from Gopaulpore on 1st October 1881 bound for London.
On 22nd December 1881 ‘Atossa’s position was close-by 11° S, 11° W., and on 3rd February 1882 she was close-by 40° N, 23° W.
On 4th January 1882 ‘Atossa’ arrived at St. Helena, in the South Atlantic. St. Helena is a volcanic island 1,210 miles west of the coast of South-West Africa and 2,500 miles east of Brazil.
 
island of St Helena
St Helena
Élisee Reclus, translated by Augustus Henry Keane via Wikimedia Commons
 
The entry for St. Helena in the ‘Dues and Charges on Shipping at Foreign Ports’ manual reads, “This island is frequently used by vessels outward and homeward bound, calling for supplies. The anchorage off James Town is well sheltered. Vessels calling only anchor in from 10 to 40 fathoms; those discharging cargo in from 10 to 15 fathoms. Exports – Wool, hides. Imports – Sheep, cattle, beer, wines and spirits, coffee, sugar, wheat, hay, rice, coal, ironmongery, etc.”
Lloyd’s List recorded that on 11th February 1882 ‘Atossa’ was off Deal “in tow from Cruiser tug”.
On 12th February 1882 the voyage was terminated in London. All crew members were discharged and paid the balance of their wages: -
James Mills
Thomas Cummings
William Freeman
William Lake
Charles Wood
John Gibb
A. Larsen
Edwin Stones
James Sinclair
John Fry
Peter Johnsson
£33 10s 1d
-----------
-----------
£31 10s 10d
£21 6s 10d
£22 0s 0d
£20 10s 6d
£21 15s 11d
-----------
£17 12s 6d
£15 16s 0d
 
The Robinson Family > >
 
The Story Begins Absent Crew and Flying Jib 1872-1873 Rio De Janeiro, Barbados & Wilmington
The Construction of Atossa Swansea to Valparaiso and return 1873 James Grevett
The Shipbuilding Thompson Family The 1874 and 1875 Voyages The Caribbean 1889
The Mercantile Navy List 1864 A Change of Master 1876 Grevett as Master
The First Master and Crew New Owner and New Ports 1877 The 1890/1891 Survey
Dover to Valparaiso 1863-1864 Sugar and Onboard Offences The Final Voyage
Peru and Wales Demerara and London 1878-1879 Places Index
Chile and back 1864-1865 The Far Side of the World 1879-1881 Place Connections
Clements becomes Master South Africa and India 1881-1882 Surnames Index
Official Log Entries 1866-1867 The Robinson Family Ships Index
Return to Chile 1867 Ceylon and New York 1882-1883 Map of Chile
Chile Again 1868-1869 Brazil and India 1883-1884 Sources
Swansea to Coquimbo return 1869-1870 Cape Verde and the West Indies 1885  
Chile and New York 1870-1871 October 1885 to October 1886  
South America and Europe 1871 Twenty-One Months Away © atossa.uk 2020
 
 
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