ATOSSA
 
 
Brazil and India 1883-1884
 
The Lloyd’s Register of 1883 showed that the ‘Atossa’ underwent a survey in Liverpool in June 1883.
‘Atossa’ was reported in the 20th June 1883 edition of the Shipping and Mercantile Gazette to be loading in Liverpool ahead of a voyage to Rio de Janeiro and Callao. The broker was shown as W. P. Coleborn.
At the time of the 1881 census William Parry Coleborn was a 50-year-old ship owner and broker, living with his wife, Elizabeth (51 years), their son, Joseph (25 years and also a ship owner and broker), and six daughters, Emily (23 years), Harriet (19 years), Margaret (17 years), Beatrice (13 years), Ida (7 years) and Gertrude (4 years), at 35, Radstock Road, Liverpool. They were all born in Liverpool.
The Shipping and Mercantile Gazette dated 11th July 1883 recorded that ‘Atossa’ sailed from Liverpool bound for Rio de Janeiro and Callao. The Master was shown as Robinson.
The Glasgow Herald of the 11th July 1883 reported that ‘Atossa’ had sailed the previous day.
‘Atossa’ is listed in The Shipping and Mercantile Gazette of Saturday 28th July 1883 as being in port at Callao having reached there via Rio de Janeiro.
 
Callao 1881
Callao 1881
Wikimedia Commons

 
The Agreement and Log for this voyage are lost but there is a suggestion that ‘Atossa’ was in the region of the Sunda Strait between Java and Sumatra in August 1883.
In a volume of memoires entitled, ‘Joseph Robinson and the Arun Ships’, Audrey M Robinson recorded that “In August 1883, she [‘Atossa’] was under the command of Joseph’s eldest son, Capt. Joseph Edward Robinson, and was a close witness of the eruption of Krakatoa in the East Indies. For a time it was thought that he ship was lost; but it sailed through with a covering of volcanic dust and pumice, otherwise largely unharmed. Joseph Edward described afterwards how a huge wave had approached the ship and how he had ordered all the crew to climb the rigging. This they had done and had survived the shock of the wave, which would otherwise have swept them overboard.”
At 12:53pm on Sunday 26th August 1883, the initial blast of the Krakatoa eruption sent a cloud of gas and debris an estimated 15 miles into the air. On the morning of the 27th August, four explosions spewed tephra (volcanic rock fragments) and hot volcanic gases into the air, overcoming many victims in western Java and Sumatra. Thousands were killed by a devastating tsunami nearly 120 feet tall. It completely overwhelmed small nearby islands. One hundred and sixty five coastal villages were destroyed. It is estimated that more than 36,000 people died.
The Shipping and Mercantile Gazette dated 13th October 1883 records ‘Atossa’ being at Rio de Janeiro on 29th August 1883.
Lloyd’s List recorded that on 14th October 1883 ‘Atossa’ was sailing for Mauritius with Robinson as Master.
 
Port Loiuis, Mauritius
Port Louis, Mauritius
 
The Shipping and Mercantile Gazette of 5th February 1884 carried a paragraph, “Cochin (Malabar Coast), Jan. 7. – We have to report the following intermediate charters: - ‘The White Rose’, 1,528 tons, from Chittagong for Malabar Coast, 12 annas, and the ‘Atossa’ 467 tons, Rice Ports for Malabar Coast, at 13 annas if one, 14 annas if two loading ports.”
An anna was a unit of currency; a copper coin, in use in India and Pakistan with a value of one sixteenth of a rupee.
Lloyd’s List recorded that on 3rd March 1884 ‘Atossa’ sailed from Chittagong, Bangladesh for Cochin [Kochi], India.
The ‘Dues and Charges on Shipping at Foreign Ports’ manual describes Chittagong as “in lat 22.14.24 N., long 91.50 E. The deepest water on the bar is 10 feet at low water springs. The bar breaks very heavily during the S. W. monsoon, and great caution is then necessary in entering. C. is a rising port, rapidly increasing in importance. It is considered healthy, and vessels have the benefit of a government surgeon at a moderate charge. Exports – Jute, rice, cotton, tea, and a few hides. Imports – Salt in large quantities and kerosene oil. Fresh provisions cheap and abundant.”
Lloyd’s List reported that on 12th April 1884 ‘Atossa’ arrived in Cochin. Robinson as Master.
Cochin is described in the ‘Dues and Charges on Shipping at Foreign Ports’ as “in lat 9.58 N., long 76.14 E. Distance from Liverpool by the Cape 9,945 miles. The best anchorage in Cochin Roads for sailing vessels is from 4½ to 6½ fathoms, soft ground, 2 to 2½ miles off shore. The tides are exceedingly irregular both in strength and duration. Exports – Cocoanut oil, coir yarn, fibre and rope, pepper, ginger, teak, arrowroot, coffee, tea, copra, cardamoms, coculus, indicus, fish oil, hides, nux vomica, and turmeric.”
Tellicherry is described in the ‘Dues and Charges on Shipping at Foreign Ports’ as “in lat 11.45 N., long 75.29 E. The climate is salubrious. Exports – Coffee, pepper, cardamoms, ginger, arrowroot, cinnamon, rice, and sandalwood.”
The Freeman’s Journal newspaper of Dublin and several British newspapers reported on Tuesday 29th July 1884 that ‘Atossa’ was at Port Elizabeth, on a voyage from Tellicherry, India to Harve, where she was described as “leaky”.
Lloyd’s Register of British and Foreign Shipping (1889) showed that ‘Atossa’ was fitted with a new deck in 1884.
In a hand-written note by Audrey M Robinson (Joseph Robinson’s great-granddaughter) dated 11th July 1991, she recorded, “The ‘Atossa’ was a very strongly built vessel, her planking being of teak and green heart (a very hard West Indian wood). Her lower masts were also of teak.”
'Atossa' returned to the United Kingdom to ready for her next voyage.
 
Cape Verde and the West Indies 1885 > >
 
The Story Begins Absent Crew and Flying Jib 1872-1873 Rio De Janeiro, Barbados & Wilmington
The Construction of Atossa Swansea to Valparaiso and return 1873 James Grevett
The Shipbuilding Thompson Family The 1874 and 1875 Voyages The Caribbean 1889
The Mercantile Navy List 1864 A Change of Master 1876 Grevett as Master
The First Master and Crew New Owner and New Ports 1877 The 1890/1891 Survey
Dover to Valparaiso 1863-1864 Sugar and Onboard Offences The Final Voyage
Peru and Wales Demerara and London 1878-1879 Places Index
Chile and back 1864-1865 The Far Side of the World 1879-1881 Place Connections
Clements becomes Master South Africa and India 1881-1882 Surnames Index
Official Log Entries 1866-1867 The Robinson Family Ships Index
Return to Chile 1867 Ceylon and New York 1882-1883 Map of Chile
Chile Again 1868-1869 Brazil and India 1883-1884 Sources
Swansea to Coquimbo return 1869-1870 Cape Verde and the West Indies 1885  
Chile and New York 1870-1871 October 1885 to October 1886  
South America and Europe 1871 Twenty-One Months Away © atossa.uk 2020
 
 
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